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Lesson 61-Lesson 64  

2009-03-28 21:32:57|  分类: 八年级英语(冀教 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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  Lesson 61-Lesson 64


Lesson 61:What Was in the Bags?


  1. 四会词及短语:more, most, bad, litter

  2. 识别的词汇及短语:too much, a little bit, sort…into

  3. 句式:In order to make less rubbish, we should…

  4. 情态动词的被动语态。

  5. more, most用来比较的用法。



  1. Almost all of it can be reused and recycled.


    can be reused and recycled,情态动词的被动语态。

    由情态动词can /may / must / should 等+be+动词过去分词构成。例:

    The flowers must be watered often.


    Old people should be taken care of.


  2. People throw too much away.


    too much, much too, too many用法不同

    too much 修饰不可数名词或形容词、副词比较级。例:

    There was too much rain last year. 去年雨水太多。

    This one is too much bigger than that one.


    too much 还可以作一个名词短语,直接放在及物动词后。例:

    Don’t eat too much, or you’ll get fat.


    much too “太”,修饰形容词、副词原级。例:

    The radio is much too noisy. Please turn it off.


    too many “太多”,修饰可数名词复数。例:

    There are too many cars.


  3. There is more paper than plastic.


    more是many / much 的比较级,“更多”,后加不可数名词或可数名词复数,即无论可数、不可数名词,比多用more,最多用most。例:

    He has more money than me.


    He has more books than I.


    Jim has the most books in his class.


    但比少不同,不可数名词用less或least“较少”或“最少”,可数名词用fewer, fewest表示“更少、最少”例:

    He has fewer apples than his sister.


    I have the fewest friends in our class.


  4. It’s only a little bit broken.


    a little bit强调程度较轻,后面加形容词、副词。

    Today is a little bit hot.


  5. It’s not right to waste things.


    it是形式主语,而to waste things是动词不定式,真正主语。

  6. Once I cut my foot on a piece of broken glass.


    on a piece of broken glass 介词短语作地点状语。再如:

    Be careful! Don’t hurt your head on the roof.


  7. They put all of the sorted garbage into them for recycling.


    sorted 是过去分词。作定语。

  8. They only need to throw away a small bag full of garbage.


  9. In order to make less rubbish, we should__.


    in order to 表示目的“以便,为了”。

    In order to get there on time, we should get up early.


    In order to make less rubbish, we should have no-car-day.


Lesson 62  Take Short Showers!


  1. 识别的词汇及短语:can, take showers, make …into.

  2. 动词不定式的否定式。



  1. I don’t worry about it too much.


    worry about 担心,worry是动词,+about后加宾语。

    例:He is worrying about his son.


    worried 是形容词“担心的”,常和系词连用。例:

    He looks worried.


    He is worried about his study.


    Don’t be worried about your mother. She is OK.


    Don’t worry about your mother. She is OK.

  2. I try not to waste water.


    try to do sth. 尽力做某事。

    try not to do sth. 尽力不做某事,not to do 是动词不定式的否定形式,即在“to”前加“not”。例:

    Tell the children not to play football in the street.



    let /make / have sb. not do sth.

    Let them not go out.


    另外:try还可以有try doing sth. 尝试做某事。

    try one’s best to do sth. 尽力做…

  3. I take short showers. 我洗澡时间短。

    洗澡还可以表达为:have a bath / take a bath

  4. Then those waste things get made into new things.



    He didn’t get hurt.


    The car got struck in the mud.


  5. It makes the least pollution of all types of transportation.


    the least 最少的,least是little的最高级,在此句中作形容词,所以前面必须加“the”。例:

    He has the least money of all.



Lesson 63   Garbage Is Interesting!


  1. 掌握的词汇及短语:walk, take a seat.

  2. 识别的词汇及短语:clean up, lid, make…out of, take a trip.



  1. On Tuesday, Danny, Brian and I started a school yard clean-up.



  2. We picked up any garbage we saw.



    we saw 做定语从句,修饰garbage.

  3. We sort all of it into paper, plastic, metal, glass and others.



    Let’s sort these books into Chinese, English, maths and others.



    What kind / sort of book are you reading?


  4. We will see where the city workers sort all of our garbage for recycling.


    此句是宾语从句where…for recycling作see的宾语。

  5. Our teacher also taught us about how garbage is recycled.



  6. Today, Danny made a car out of garbage!


    make …out of …,“用…制成…”。例:

    We made some hats out of the waste materials.


  7. When you write something, don’t forget to use both sides of the paper.


    both sides 可以表达为:either side 或each side.


    There are some trees on both sides of the road.


    There are some trees on each side / either side of the road.


Lesson 64  What Do You Know?


  1. 词汇:

    a bit of, bit, fix (repair, mend), less, least, more, most, pick up, sort(sort …into), take out, throw away, touch, waste.

  2. 提供帮助的交际用语:

    Can I help you?

    What can I do for you? Yes, please.

    Thanks for your help. Thank you all the same.

  3. 语法



    I think he is at home.



    (1)引导词,通常有三组,即that, if (whether),和特殊疑问句中的疑问词变为宾语从句中的引导词,如what, when, whose, where, how等。

    例:I think that he will come tomorrow.


    (that通常引导的是由陈述句变成的宾语从句,that 没有意义,只起连接作用,所以可以省去。)例:

    I know (that)he is here.


    if / whether 通常是将一般疑问句变为宾语从句的引导词。例:

    I wonder if (whether)they have come here.


    (Does your sister like English? I want to know.)

    I want to know if / whether your sister likes English.

    when / where / who/ whose / what 等是将特殊疑问句转变为宾语从句的引导词。例:

    I want to know when we’ll go to Beijing.


    Can you tell me where your father works?


    Do you know where your teacher lives?


    (How old is your father? Can you tell me?)

    Can you tell me how old your father is?



    Can you tell me what your name is?





    He said he had been to Beijing.


    He said they would come tomorrow.


    He said they were playing football then.



    The teacher tells (told)us that the earth goes around the sun.





一. 词汇:

A. 根据所给汉语完成句子。

  1. Remember when you ______(丢失)your wallet yesterday.

  2. Don’t ______(扔掉)that piece of paper.

  3. We should ______(关心)our environment.

  4. His father ______(鼓励)him to sing well.

  5. A worker fixed ______(渗漏的)toilets.

  6. A thousand kilograms of ______(再利用)paper saves seventeen trees!

  7. When something ______(坏了), you should repair it.

  8. He has a big bag ______(装满)garbage.

  9. I ______(散步)in the street yesterday evening.

  10. I’ll ______(开始工作)


二. 单项选择:

(    )1. How often do you _____ a bath?

    A. make         B. made          C. take           D. took

(    )2. What can you do ______ water?

    A. to save              B. saves         C. saved         D. saving

(    )3. Where does he _____?

    A. live            B. lives           C. living         D. lived

(    )4. The air and water ______ clean now.

    A. is        B. are             C. was           D. were

(    )5. I try _______ bother (打扰)you.

    A. to              B. not to         C. to not         D. not

(    )6. She has done some good things ______ the environment.

    A. in              B. with           C. to              D. for

(    )7. This place is different _______ that one.

    A. with           B. for             C. from          D. than

(    )8. I found a cup with a ______ handle.(柄)

    A. break         B. broken              C. breaking            D. broke

(    )9. He has ______ glass.

    A. a little         B. a few         C. a bit           D. a bit of

(    )10. That man is still ______.

    A. live            B. life             C. lives           D. alive


三. 句型转换:

  1. I went there once a month. (对画线部分提问)

    ______ ______ did you ______ there?

  2. I take short showers to save water. (同上)

    ____ ____ you ______ to save water?

  3. Tom lives in a clean city. (变为感叹句)

    ____ ______ ______ _____ Tom lives in!

  4. The city which Mike lives is very clean. (同上)

    ____ ____ ______ _____ which Mike lives!

  5. I go to school by bus every day. (对画线部分提问)

    _____ do you ______ to school every day?


四. 完形填空:

    Every day some people are killed while they are crossing the roads.   1   of these people are old people and children. Old people are often killed (被杀死)because they can’t see or   2   very well. Children are killed because they are not   3  . They forgot to look and listen before they   4   the roads.

    A car or a bus can’t stop   5  . If a car is going very fast, it will travel many metres   6   it stops. Some people don’t always understand this. They think a car can stop   7   a few seconds. It is difficult to   8   how fast a car is moving. The only way to cross the roads safely (安全地)is to look   9   ways, right and left. Then if the roads are   10  , you can cross them.

    Every one of us must be more careful when you are crossing a road no matter (无论)you are a driver or a passer-by(过路人). And all the drivers must drive more carefully and slowly when they are driving.

                     A                          B                          C                   D

(    )1. Much                       Most                     More              None

(    )2. say                           to hear                  shout             hear

(    )3. care                         carefully                careful           clever

(    )4. across                      come                    cross             go

(    )5. fast                          quickly                  quick             carefully

(    )6. before                      while                     after               but

(    )7. in                             on                         at                   after

(    )8. watch                       look                      listen              know

(    )9. all                                   each                      both               either

(    )10. full                         empty                   busy                     beautiful


五. 阅读理解:

    He and his wife drove across the tropical grassland (热带草原). They would go where they worked with lots of food on the truck, far into the grassland. Just at that moment, there appeared (出现)a hungry lion, running after them all the time. They were very worried and what was more, the truck was stuck (陷入)in a pit (坑). Someone had to go out of the truck to pull it. But the lion stayed outside, looking straight at the husband and the wife.

    They spent the whole night in the truck. The next day they found the lion still outside. They tried every way to frighten(吓唬)away the lion, but they failed.

    The sun is shining brightly high up in the sky. With the time going by, the wife began to feel terrible. She knew what she had to do. She kissed her husband and then opened the door, jumped out, and ran, shouting, “Drive the truck off. Be quick!”

    After her leaping at the lion, he felt heart-broken. How could he see…!“Drive off! My goodness!”He started the truck again and madly drove to the lion. But…

    This story was told by an old man who once worked in Africa to help to build roads.

(    )1. Why were the husband and the wife worried?

    A. Because they were far into the grassland.

    B. Because a lion was running after them.

    C. Because the truck was stuck in a pit

    D. All of the above.

(    )2. Which of the following is right?

    A. The lion didn’t want to leave.

    B. The lion left later.

    C. They frightened the lion away.

    D. They killed the lion.

(    )3. What was the weather like that day?

    A. Fine and windy.

    B. Cloudy.

    C. Rainy.

    D. Fine and hot.

(    )4. The wife ran out to ______.

    A. drive the lion away

    B. save her husband

    C. look for help

    D. look for water

(    )5. The woman _________ at last.

    A. returned to the truck

    B. lost her way

    C. lost her life

    D. started the truck


六. 作文:

    以“Keep Our School Clean” 为班会的主题写一篇发言稿,词数80左右。


一. 1. lost              2. throw away              3. take care of

  4. encouraged            5. leaky          6. recycled

  7. breaks                   8. full of         9. took a walk

  10. get to work

二. 1-5 CAABB           6-10 DCBDD

三. 1. How often did you go there?

  2. What do you do to save water?

  3. What a clean city Tom lives in!

  4. How clean the city which Mike lives!

  5. How do you go to school every day?

四. 1-5 BDCCB           6-10 AADCB

五. 1-5 DADBC

Good afternoon, everyone!

    We are studying in this school. It’s our duty to keep it clean and tidy. It’s not good to spit in the public places, such as in the library, in the classroom, We should neither draw pictures on the walls nor throw any litter onto the ground. I think we must make it a rude to do some cleaning every day. If everyone tries his best to do something useful for our school, I’m sure our school will be more beautiful. That’s all. Thank you.









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