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武城县实验中学---知识改变命运

淡泊明志,宁静致远。

 
 
 

日志

 
 

Module 3 Body Language and Non-Verbal Communication & Module 4 Great Scientists  

2010-02-02 21:55:06|  分类: 高三英语(外研社 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Module 3 Body Language and Non-Verbal Communication Module 4 Great Scientists

复习回顾必修4 3&4模块的基础知识, 使学生熟练掌握两模块中的词汇, 短语和语法知识, 并能将知识系统化。

 

知识点梳理:

Key words

communication n.communicate v.unconscious adj. n.vary v.formal adj. n.aggressive   adj. traditionally adv.weapon n.gesture v.n.threatening adj. deal n. v. involve vt. slightly adv.Muslim n.salaam n. v.forehead n. Hindu n. &.adj. bow n.v.informal adj. youth n.palm n. vt.spread n. v.slap n.v.conscious adj. ankle n.eyebrow n:lip n.wrist n.bend n.v.hug n.stare v.wipe v.religion n.host v.n.toast v.n.sip v.blank adj. n. panic n.rude adj. invitation n.request v.n.favour n. live adj. v. &adv.performance n. performer n.classical adj. applause n.judgment n.prolong v.equality n. social adj. infection n. funeral n.

Useful phrases

on guard警惕

be busy with sth. /indoing sth.忙于(做)

make a deal达成协议

lift/hold up举起

give away暴露(自己的情况)

mind-reader(自称或被以为)能看透别人心思的人

stare at盯着

up and down上上下下,来来回回

by accident偶然的

say hello to向……问好

turn on打开(灯,无线电)等

on earth究竟 

be rude to对……无礼

toast to为……干杯

Important sentences

1. …until

2. 独立主格结构

3. …by doing

4. 比较级的使用

 

Grammar and usage状语从句

要点归纳:

一、重点词汇

1. communicate vt.传达,传送,交流,交际

    communication n.通讯,交流

    communicative adj.爱说话的,直言不讳的

    communicate sth. to sb.把……传达给某人

    communicate with与某人联系(通信)

    be in communication with与某人有交往

    例句:He communicated the information to me.

他已把信息告诉我了。

We haven’t communicated with each other for years.我们已多年没有联系。

My room communicates with the kitchen.

我的房间与厨房相通。

【真题链接】

    English can help people __________ and make the stay in a foreign country easy and comfortable.

A. agree with                B. communicate with     C. communicate to        D. write to

解析:答案为Bcommunicate... with意思为与……交流,agree with“同意”write to“写信给”

communicate to缺少宾语

2. vary vi.变化

    vary from. . . to...从……到……变化

    vary with sth.随……变化

    vary in sth.在……方面不同,有差异

    variety n.变化,多样性,种类

    various adj.不同的,各种各样的

    variable adj.易变的,变化无常的

    a great/wide variety of各种各样的,品种繁多的

    例句:The shopping center sells a variety of good.

这个购物中心出售许多种货物。

I like to have variety in my life.

我喜欢过富于变化的生活。

There are various ways of getting to the station.

从这儿去车站有多种不同的走法。

【真题链接】

    Let him _________he is a man of __________ temper.

    A. alonevariable                                            B. lonelyvarious

    C. alonevarious                                            D. lonelyvariable

解析:答案为A  alone意为“单独”variable意为“易变的,变化无常的”lonely意为“孤独的”而various意为“不同的,各种各样的”该句意为“让他一个人呆着,他的脾气多变。”

3. involve vt.包括. 牵涉,使参与

    be involved in sth.卷入

    be involved in doing sth.专心一意做某事

    involved adj.复杂的

    involvement n.卷入,牵连,牵连到的事物

    例句:Building the road will involve the construction of ten bridges.

修建这条公路涉及造十座桥梁。

The execution of a scheme or plan involves the expenditure of much time and money.

执行这方案或计划需要花很多时间和金钱。

【真题链接】

    Putting in a new window will _________ cutting away part of the roof.

    A. include                    B. involve                     C. contain                    D. consist

    解析:答案为C  include意为“包括”contain意为“含有”; consist应和of连用,involve意为“包括,牵涉”,所以答案为B

4. spread v.展开,铺开,传播,散开,伸展,延伸

spread sth. on/over sth.把某物铺在……上

    spread sth. with sth.把某物涂在……上

spread out展开,张开spread oneself舒展身体

    例句:He spread his jam on his bread.

    He spread his bread with jam.

他在面包上涂上果酱。

The fire spread quickly.

火势迅速蔓延。

We have already spread the table for dinner.

【真题链接】

He __________ rumors here and there that the price would go up.

A. spread                    B. spreaded                   C. expanded                  D. extended

解析:答案为Aspread的过去式是它本身。所以排除B,而expanded意思为“扩大”,“延伸”. extended的意思为“伸长”“扩张”,所以选A

5. stare/glare/glance

    1stare“凝视”(=look for a long time at sb.sth.especially with very wide open eyes

    2  glare“怒视,瞪眼”(=look angrily

    3  glance“匆匆一瞥”(=give a rapid look

    例句:He glanced at his watch.

他匆匆地看了一下手表。

She stared at him in surprise.

她吃惊地盯着他。

They stood glaring at each other.

他们站着,彼此怒目而视。

【真题链接】

Tom _________ the newspaper and handed it to me.

A. glanced at                                                  B. glanced

C. glanced around                                            D. stared

解析:答案为A, glanceglare都是不及物动词,且和at连用。glanced意为“瞥一眼”stare意为“凝视,所以B,C,D都不对。

6. panic n.惊慌,恐慌vi. 十分恐慌vt.使恐慌

    注意:现在分词panicking; 过去式panicked; 过去分词panicked

    be ina panic在惊慌中

    be seized with a panic惊慌失措

    a moment of panic一时惊慌

    cause a panic引起恐慌

    in a state of panic惊恐万状

    panic over sth.对某事感到惊慌

    例句:The crowd ran out in a panic.

群众惊慌失措地跑出去。

She got into a panic when her teacher walked towards her.

当她见到老师向她走来时,她变得惊慌失措。

The idea might panic the investors.

这个想法可能会使投资者惶恐不安。

【真题链接】

He __________ and ran as fast as he could to safety.

A. paniced                   B. panicked                   C. to panic                   D. panicking

解析:答案为B.从句中可以看出,此处缺少一个谓语动词,所以排除C, D.又因为panic的过去分词为panicked所以再排除A,故答案为B.

7. livealivelivinglively

    1 live adj.“活的(与dead相对应),只能作定语(一般用于指动物),另外还有“现场直播的”意思(反义词recorded“转播的”)

    2 alive adj.“活着的,健在的”作表语;作定语须后置(一般用于人有时也用于动物)

    3 living adj.“活着的(= alive);有生命的”. 既可作定语,又可作表语。

    4 lively adj.“生动的,活泼的”

live只能作表语,且用于指动物;alive作表语或后置定语,用于人,有时也用于动物living作表语或定语,用于人(=alive),生物只能译作living things.

【真题链接】

1There will be a ________ TV broadcast of this conference this evening.

A. alive                        B. lively                        C. living                       D. live

解析:答案为Dalive意思为活着的,健在的;lively意思为“生动的,活泼的”livingadj.)“活着的( = alive);有生命的”而live在此处的意思为“现场直播的”。本句意义:“今天晚上将对这次会议作电视现场直播”。

2 He is the greatest ________ writer in China.

A. alive                         B. live                          C. living                       D. lively

解析:答案为C。本句意义:“他是中国活着的最伟大的作家”。living意为“活着的( = alive);有生命的”,既可作定语,又可作表语,在本句中作定语“活着的”。

8. compete v.竞争,比赛

    competition n.竞争

    competitor n.竞争者

    competitive adj.)竞争的,有竞争性的

    compete with/against与……竞争

    compete for为……而竞争

    compete with sb. in...在……方面与某人竞争

    例句:In this game, the women will compete with the men for the goal metal.

在这场比赛中,女子要和男子争夺金牌。

We are satisfied that we can compete with an international firm.

我们为能和一个跨国公司竞争而感到满意。

How many people competed in the race

多少人参加赛跑了?

【真题链接】

She and her sister are always __________ attention.

A. competing with                                                  B. competing for

C. competing in                                                    D. compete against

解析:答案为B  compete with/against意为“与……竞争”; compete in意为“在……方面与某人竞争”;compete for意为“为……而竞争”。本句意义:“她和她妹妹总是争宠”。

9. convert vt.转变,交换;兑换(vi.)(可)转变为;兑换为;转而使用;改变信仰

    convert sth. from sth. into/to sth.)改变某事物的形式或用途

    convert into/to sth.改成……

    convert sb. from sth. to sth.使某人改变信仰

    例句:I want to convert some Hong Kong dollars into American dollars.

我想把一些港元换成美元。

At what rate do dollars convert into pounds

美元以什么汇率兑换成英镑?

John has converted to Buddhism.

约翰改信佛教。

【真题链接】

Natural gas can be used to power cars by ___________ their energy. 

A. converting                                                 B. convicting

C. transferring                                                D. transmitting

解析:答案为A  convert意为“转变”;convict意为“使确信”;transfer意为“转移,运转,改变”;transmit意为“发射,播送,传达”。本句意义:天然气可以通过转移能量而发动汽车。

10. replace vt.取代,代替,把……放回原处

    replace sb. sth. = take the place of sb. sth.

    take one’s place代替某人(位置)(动词短语)

    in place of取代,替代(介词短语)

例句:He was hurt and another player replaced him.

他受伤了,另一个选手代替了他。

Tom has replaced Bob and became captain of the team.

汤姆已经取代鲍勃成为该队的队长。

They used plastics in place of wood.

他们用塑料代替木材。

【真题链接】

When you have finished the bookplease _________ it on the shelf.

A. replace                  B. take place                 C. take place of            D. in place of

解析:答案为A   replace此处意思为“把……放回原处”; take place意思为“发生”;in place of意思为“取代,替代”;take place of没有这种表达。该句意义:看完书后,请将其放回书架。

11. explode vt. &vi.使爆炸;爆炸;突发

explosion n.爆炸

explosive adj .易爆炸的

explode with/in anger勃然大怒

    explode into/with laughter放声大笑

例句:People explode fireworks to celebrate the Spring Festival.

人们燃放鞭炮,庆祝春节。

The boiler exploded.锅炉爆炸了。

The engine suddenly exploded into life.

发动机突然开动了。

【真题链接】

The bomb ________ at 1015 a.m

A. exposed                  B. exploded                   C. exploited                  D. exported

解析:答案为B expose意思为“暴露;揭露”explode意思为“使爆炸;爆炸突发”; exploit意思为“开拓,开发,剥削,利用”export意思为“出口”。该句意义:炸弹于上午10:15爆炸。

12. escape v. n.逃脱

escapedoing sth.逃脱(做)……

escape fromout of )+地点  从……逃脱;逃走

escape from reality逃避现实

make one’s escape逃跑

have a narrow escape九死一生

a fire escape紧急出口;安全门

注意:escape后常接动名词作宾语

辨析:escapeflee

1escape“逃脱”,强调逃跑成功。

2 flee“逃离”,不表示逃跑的结果成功与否。

例句:Her name escaped me.

我忘记了她的名字。

Yesterday he escaped being punished at last.

他昨天最终免受处罚。

Time flees away without delay.

〔谚语〕时光飞逝不等人。

The police are searching for two prisoners who escaped yesterday.

警察正在搜寻昨天逃跑的两名犯人。

He fled into the forest.

他逃到森林里去了。

【真题链接】

In the great firehe was lucky to escape _________.

A. to be killing              B. killing                       C. killed                       D. being killed

解析:答案为D。由句子结构可以看出escape后应加动词ing形式。此处应为被动,所以选D 该句意为:在大火中,他幸免于难。

13. search n. vi.搜寻,搜查

search sb. /some place搜身/搜查某地

search sb. /some place for sb. /sth.在某人身上寻找某物/在某地寻找某人/某物搜寻;寻找

search for=look for搜寻,寻找

in search for in one’s search for寻找

search through把……仔细搜寻一遍

例句:The police searched him for drugs.The police searched him to see if there are drugs on him.警察在他身上搜查毒品。

They worked day and night in search of the unknown plant.

他们日夜工作来寻找那种未知的植物。

They are searching for the lost child in the woods.

他们在森林里寻找迷路的孩子。

He searched through his pocket and still couldn’t find his keys.

他把衣兜仔细搜寻了一遍,还是找不到钥匙。

【真题链接】

A group of soldiers went into the woods ______ the missing pilot.

A. in search of                                                B. search for

C. searched of                                                D. searched for

解析:答案为A从句子的结构可以看出该空缺少一个介词短语;而不是谓语动词。所以排除后三项。该句意义为:一群战士到树林里寻找失踪的飞行员。

 

二、重点短语

1. at all

1 通常用于否定句中,用来加强语气,意思是“一点儿也(不),完全(不)”。

2 也可用于肯定句以及疑问句中,起强调作用,带有较强的感情色彩,意为“到底”“真正”“竟然”“还”等。

3 还可用于条件句中,表示“哪怕是一点儿”,“(如果)真的,确实”

4 常见带all的短语:

after all毕竟,终究;别忘了

in allaltogether 总共,一共

all the same尽管如此,仍……

above all特别是,最重要的是

first of all首先

all of a sudden(=all at once)突然

【真题链接】

---- Do you know our town ___________

---- Nothis is the first time I have been here.

A. in all                       B. above all                   C. at all                        D. after all

解析:答案为Cat all可用于肯定句以及疑问句中,起强调作用,带有较强的感情色彩,意为“到底”“真正”“竟然”“还”等。above all意为“特别是,最重要的是”in all= altogether意为“总共,一共. after all意为“毕竟,终究;别忘了”。该句意义为:—你了解我们镇吗?—不,这是我第一次来这里。

2. more than超过,多于,不仅仅

1 more than与形容词和分词连用,意思是“非常,十分”。

2 more than和含有情态动词的句子连用,是否定意义,意思是“是……难以”或“超过了……所能”。

3 more... than...相当于rather than,表示取舍。意思是“与其说(后者),倒不如说(前者)”,“是……而不是……”,这时more…than…后跟两个对等成分,more后跟的形容词词尾不变。

4 no more than后跟数字时意思是“仅仅,不过,只是”。

5not more than意思是“至多,不超过”。

 

【真题链接】

It is _________ a museum; it’s a school.

A. more than                B. no more than            C. more like                       D. more than like

解析:答案为A  more than此处意为“超过,多于,不仅仅”。no more than意为“仅仅,不过,只是”。not more than“至多,不超过”。more than likemore like为错误搭配。nothing but意为“仅仅,不过”。句(1)意义为:它不仅仅是一所图书馆,它还是一所学校。

He is _________ a friend to me. He is in a way my English teacher.

A. no more than                                              B. more than

C. not more than                                             D. nothing but

解析:答案为Bnothing but意为“仅仅,不过”。句意为:他不仅仅是我的朋友,在某些方面他还是我的老师。

3. make a deal达成协议,做成交易

make use of利用

make up one’s mind下决心

make up组成,构成,虚构,捏造,弥补

make sure确保

make the most of充分利用

make sense讲得通,合理,有意义

【真题链接】

What the speaker said at the meeting __________.

A. doesn’t have sense                                            B. doesn’t make sense

C. doesn’t make meaning                                D. doesn’t mean

解析:答案为B  make sense意为“讲得通,合理,有意义”ACD皆为错误表达。本句意为:会议上的讲话者所说的没什么意义。

4. give away泄露,赠送

give up放弃,让出,戒绝

give back送还,恢复

give in交上,投降,屈服

give off放出,释放

give oneself up自首,投降,投案

give out分发,放出;用完,耗尽

give rise to引起,使发生;造成

give way让路,让步

give way to给……让路/让步,被……代替

【真题链接】

give ingive upgive outgive away填空

1The brave soldier preferred dying to ___________.  

2After a monthour food supplies __________.

3)一Smoking is bad for your health.

YesI know. But I can’t simply _______ it

4Her face _______ her when she told a lie.

答案(1giving in2 gave out3give up4gave away

5. bring up教育,培养,提出,呕吐

bring about引起,实现,使发生

bring back使回想起

bring down使下降,使倒下

bring on导致,造成或引起某事物。

bring in收庄稼;引入,引进

bring out说明,出版

【真题链接】

Good harvest will bring ___________ the prices.

A. in                           B. on                           C. up                           D. down

解析:答案为D bring down此处意为“使……下”, bring in“引进;收庄稼”,bring on“导致”bring up“抚养,养育”。句意为:好的收成会使价格下降。

Young children should be _________ to be honest and equal.

A. brought up                                                 B. brought out

C. brought down                                             D. brought in

解析:答案为A  bring out“说明,出版”。句意为:应教育孩子诚实平等。

6. in the 1990’s20世纪90年代

在表示(几十)年代时,在年代的后面加s’s, 如在19世纪80年代,可表达成:in/during the 1880s/ 1880’s

拓展:表示某人几十岁时,通常用“物主代词 + 数词的复数形式”来表示,如in his forties“在他四十多岁时”。

注意:(1)“十几岁时”要用in one’s teens,不能用in one’s teens表示。

2)年代前必须用定冠词the

【真题链接】

It is not rare in ________ that people in_______ fifties are going to university for further education.

A. 90stheir                                                  B. the 90s;/

C. 90s;/                                                      D. the 90stheir

解析:答案为Din the 90s为固定搭配, in one’s fifties也为固定搭配。此句意为:在20世纪90年代,50几岁的人去大学进一步接受教育是少有的事情。

7. throw into投入

throw light on/upon sth. 阐明某事;使某事显得很清楚

throw sth.oneself at sb. sth.  冲向某人/某物,向……扔……

throw away丢弃

throw up呕吐,放弃

【真题链接】

The learned scholar _________ the question raised by audience how life began.

A. make out                                                    B. threw lights on

C. spoke out                                                   D. threw light upon

解析:答案为D  throw light upon“阐明某事”;B为错误搭配,make out意为“设法应付,过活,理解”,speak out意为“大胆明确地说出意见”。此句意为:这位渊博的学者向听众阐明了生命是如何开始的。

 

三、重点句型

1. But we don’t clap at the end of a television programme or a book, however good they are.尽管一个电视节目或一本书很好,但是在它们结束时我们却不拍手鼓掌。

however adv.“无论,不管”(后接形容词或副词);“然而,不过;仍然”

辨析:howeverbutwhile

1  however adv.“然而,不过”。语气比but弱,置于句首,句中或句末,常用逗号与句子隔开。

    2  but  conj. “但是”,连接两个分句,表示转折,语气较强。

    3  while conj.“在……的同时”,主从句的谓语动作往往同时发生,作“然而”讲时,既表示转折又表示对比。

【真题链接】

(用however/but/while填空)

1My neighbour likes loud pop music_________ I don’t.

2So farI haven’t had any success. _______ I’ll keep trying.

3She listened to me closely _______ she was reading something.

答案(1but2However3while

2. Moving in a wheelchair and speaking through a special computerhe has become the voice of science. 坐在轮椅上,用一台特殊的计算机讲话,他已成为科学的发言人。

句中分词短语作状语,表示方式。分词作状语,其逻辑主语就是句子的主语。逻辑主语与分词是主动关系时,用现在分词;是被动关系时,用过去分词。

【真题链接】

The strange man went out with a word “God bless you”_______ me astonished there.

A. making                    B. leaving                     C. getting                     D. left

解析:答案为B现在分词在此表示结果,作状语。该句意义为:陌生人临走时说:“上帝保佑你”,这使得我吃惊地站在那儿。

 

四、重点语法

状语从句

状语从句有时间、地点、原因、目的、方式、结果、条件、让步等8种。

(一)时间状语从句

    引导词有after, before, as, once, since, till, until, whenwheneverwhileas soon asthe moment / minute.. .(一……就),the timethe dayevery timenext timeeach timeby the time ofno sooner...than(一……就),hardly... when(一……就)。

例句:Each/Every time he comes here, he will drop in on me.

每次他来这儿他都顺便看我。

He was ill last time I saw him.

上次我见到他时他病了。

No sooner had she heard the news than she cried.

她一听到这个消息就哭了。

辨析:whenwhile

when引导的从句动词可以是延续性的或短暂性的,while引导的从句中动词必须是延续性的;在“be... when...”句式中when表“at that time就在这时”意,这样用的when不能换为 while; while有时并不表示时间,而表示对比,意为“而”、“却”, when无这样的用法。

例句:When I got home I found the door locked.

While(或Whenwe were working in the fieldsit suddenly began to rain.

He was wandering through the streets when a bike hit him.

His pencil is redwhile mine is yellow.

辨析:tilluntil

一般情况下可以互换,但until可以位于句首,till则不能。

例句:Until it stops rainingthe children can’t go out.

Not until the rain stops can the children go out.

雨停了,孩子们才能出去。

(二)地点状语从句

引导词有where, wherever,,

例句:I’ll go wherever the people want me to go. wherever to any place where

He works where his grandfather fought.

wherein the place where

Where there is a willthere is a way.

WhereIn the place where

(三)原因状语从句

引导词有because, since, as, now that)(既然)。

回答以why提出的问题时,只能用because,  不能用as等。

since= now that ),表“既然”意,表示已知的或明显的原因,由此加以推论。

例句:Now that/Since you are free today, you may have a rest at home or go out for a walk.

for是一个并列连词,用来连接两个并列句,引导的句子是对前面一句话的内容的推测或补充说明。

例句:It must have rained last night, for the ground is wet.

The day has brokenfor the birds are singing.

(这两句中的for都不可换为becauseas, since等。)

(四)目的状语

引导词有so that, in order that, that, in case(免得,以防)。目的状语从句谓语常含有can/could/may/might/will/would等情态动词。

例句:He ran as fast as possible in order that he could catch the bus.

Please remind me of it again tomorrow in case I forget.

请明天再提醒我一下,以免我忘记。

(五)方式(或比较)状语从句

引导词有as, as if, as though, than, as/so... as, the more... the more.

例句: Tom is not so/as tall as John.

It looks as if it is going to rain.

He runs faster than I.

: as... as既可用于肯定句,又可用于否定句,so... as只能用于否定句。

(六)结果状语从句

引导词有so... that, such. . . that, so that.

例句:He works so hard that he makes great progress in his studies.

It’s such a difficult problem that nobody can work it out.

There’s not any noise here so that I feel very comfortable.

3个例句中so that从句不是目的状语从句,从结构上看没有can, may等情态动词,从意思上看I feel very comfortableThere’s not any noise的结果。

(七)条件状语从句

引导词有if, unless, as/so long as, on condition that, in case(如果)等,从句的时态用一般现在时(含现在完成时),一般过去时(含过去完成时)分别代替一般将来时和过去将来时。

例句:If it rains tomorrowI won’t go there.

He said he would not go back home unless he had achieved a lot.

I’ll study so long as I’m alive.

In case he come, let me know.

如果他来的话,告诉我一声。

if引导的条件句可以是真实性条件句,也可以是非真实性条件句(用于虚拟语气)。

(八)让步状语从句

引导词有though, although, even if, even though, aswhoeverwhateverhoweverno matterwhat/ whowhen/……等。

例句:Though/Although he is illhe still goes to school.

She started her experimenteven though she had little money.

Whatever you foundyou must turn it in.

However hard he workedhe hardly made any progress.

as作“尽管”意时,一般将其句中的表语放在句首。

例句:Young as he is, he knows a lot.Although he is younghe knows a lot.

若表语为名词,冠词要省略。

例句:Child as/though he is, he has remembered a lot of English words.(此句中though不可换为although

althoughthough不能与but同时出现在一个复合句中,但是“Although/Though,(and yet...”句式却是正确的。

例句:Although it is raining heavilyyet they are repairing the bridge.

【真题链接】

If you go to Xi’anyou will find the palaces there more magnificent than commonly ________.

A. supposing                B. supposed                  C. to suppose                      D. suppose

解析:答案为Bthan后实际上是一个比较状语从句的省略式,其完整形式是than they are commonly supposed

We won’t give up ________ we should fail ten times.

A. even if                    B. since                        C. whether                  D. until

解析:答案为A。观察题干,空白处应填一表“即使”之意的词。

What was the party like

Wonderful. It’s years________ I enjoyed myself so much.

A. after                       B. when                       C. before                     D. since

解析:答案为D。答话者既然说“Wonderful”,那么后面的话必然是对此作进一步的补充说明,只有选D项才能表达“我多年未曾这么开心过了”的意思。注意这儿的since从句中谓语动词enjoyed是延续动词,该句相当于I haven’t enjoyed myself so much for years

John plays football _______if not better thanDavid.

A. as well                    B. as well as                 C. so well                    D. so well as

解析:答案为Bif not better than是插入语,可将其撤开,这时空白处要填as well as才能与David相连接,D项在此不可用(so... as只能用于否定句)。A, C两项皆少as.

If we work with a strong willwe can overcome any difficulty_________ great it is.

A. what                       B. how                         C. however                  D. whatever

解析:答案为C 观察题目,可知空白处要填一词与great合表“无论多大”意。而however = no matter how great it is一起正好表此意,其余项都不能表这意思。

Mother was worried because little Alice was illespecially _______ father was away in France.  

A. as                           B. that                         C. during                     D. if

解析:答案为A。首先可以排除C,因为during是介词,不能引导从句。B that, Dif都不能引导原因状语,故只能选A, as表“因为”。

She thought I was talking about her daughter, ______in fact I was talking about my daughter.

A. whom                     B. where                      C. which                     D. while

解析:答案为D空白处需填一个表示转折对比的连词,while可表“而”、“却”意,故答案为D

I admit his good points_________ I can see his bad ones.

A. when                             B. as                           C. while                       D. before

解析:答案为C若选A, BD, admit应改为admitted, can应改为could,因为when, as表示“当……的时候”before表“在……之前”,通常涉及过去某时发生的动作、情况。此题选C, while在此不表“当……的时候”意,而表“虽然、尽管”意。全句意思是“尽管我承认他的优点,我还是看到他的缺点”。

 

【模拟试题】

I. 单项填空 

1. After much _____, the store owner agreed to cut down the price by 25%.

A. argument            B. discussion            C. saying                   D. bargaining

2. ---Does he work hard at his lessons?

  ---Yes, he _____ no effort, I dare say.

A. wastes             B. spares                     C. spends                    D. shares

3. It is said that constant reviews of what you have learned will help to make your knowledge ___.

      A. deep                        B. interesting               C. useful                     D. permanent

4. ---I can’t open the top of this apple juice.

  ---_____ it.

      A. Mike has to do                                             B. Do have Mike to do

      B. Mike does have                                            D. Have Mike do

5. You should make it a rule to leave things _____ you can find them again.

      A. when                     B. where                    C. then                         D. there

6. ---Why is it _____ Mr. Smith seldom mentions his childhood?

  ---Perhaps he suffered a lot in his childhood.

      A. which                  B. what                        C. how                       D. that

7. ---I think we can’t repair the damaged car in the small town.

---We are considering _____ to Beijing to have it repaired.

      A. to go                    B. going                       C. to have gone             D. having gone

8. ---Might Mary go with me to the movie, Mrs. Wilson?

---I’m sorry, but I don’t want my daughter _____ out after dark.

      A. take                         B. to take                     C. taking                     D. taken

9. The little boy lifted as much as 50 kilograms. _____ that I saw it, I wouldn’t have believed it.

A. And                       B. But                        C. Or                         D. So

10. No one expects you to be perfect, but we _____ you to do your best always.

      A. will expect                                                   B. have expected          

      C. do expect                                                    D. are expecting

11. ---Miss Brown is very busy, isn’t she?

    --- So she is. She has _____ greater responsibilities since she was promoted.

      A. taken off                  B. taken after              C. taken in                    D. taken on

12. ---Are you able to cover 100 meters in 10 seconds?

    ---_____.

   A. Yes, it’s a piece of cake!                               B. That’s all right.

      C. Yes, it’s a short way.                                  D. You’re welcome.

13. Mr. Smith is coming to Beijing next Sunday. By the time he arrives we ____ here for ten days.

      A. have been staying                                         B. have stayed 

      C. shall stay                                                     D. will have stayed

14. As is known, one of the many benefits of ______ foreign travel is learning how to cope with _____ unexpected.

      A. the; /                        B. /; an                     C. the; the                     D. /; the

15. “Leaves are to plants ___ lungs are to human beings,” the biology teacher said to the students.

      A. that                         B. which                      C. what                     D. whose

16. While crossing the mountain area, you’d better carry a stick in case you ____ by wild animals.

      A. should be attacked                                       B. might be attacked     

      C. must be attacked                                       D. would be attacked

17. ---What are the Blacks?

    ---Mr. Black is a teacher, and his wife is _____.

      A. the other                 B. the rest                     C. another                   D. other

18. It is the prevention of disease _____ the successful treatment that has led to the rapid increase of the world’s population.

      A. less than                 B. rather than               C. more than                D. better than

19. With the development of modern electrical engineering, we can send power to ___ it is needed.

      A. however                 B. whenever                C. wherever                 D. whichever

20. ---Was Tom in the chemistry lab when you arrived there?

    ---Yes, but he _____ soon afterwards.

      A. had left                     B. left                        C. would leave            D. has left

 

II. 完形填空

My parents fixed in me the ideas of family, faith and patriotism 爱国主义 when I was young.  21  we struggled to make ends meet, they  22  to me and my four brothers and sisters how  23  we were to live in a great country with  24  opportunities.

I got my first real  25  when I was ten. My dad injured his back working in a factory and had to be  26  as a hairstylist. The owner of the shopping center gave Dad an  27   on his rent for cleaning the parking lot 停车场 three nights a week, which meant getting up at 3 a.m. To pick up waste, Dad used a little  28  that looked like a lawn mower 割草机. Mom and I emptied garbage cans and  29  waste by hand. It took two to three hours to clean the lot. I’d __30   in the car on the way home because of tiredness.

I did this for two years, but the  31  I learned have lasted a lifetime. I  _32__ discipline and a strong work ethic 道德准则, and learned at an  33  age the importance of balancing life’s _ 34_ interests -– in my case, school, homework and a job. This really  35__during my senior year of high school, when I worked 40 hours a week at a fast-food restaurant while taking college-prep  _36_ .

The hard work  37 . I attended the U.S. Military Academy and went on to receive graduate degrees in  38  and business from Harvard.  39_ , I joined a big Los Angeles law firm and was elected to the California State Assembly 会议. In these jobs and in everything else I’ve done, I have never forgotten those  40   in the parking lot.

21. A. Now that               B. If only                     C. Even                      D. Even though

22. A. stressed                B. announced                C. suggested               D. admitted

23. A. important              B. surprising                C. fortunate                D. satisfying

24. A. several                B. limitless                  C. fewer                  D. instant

25. A. chance                B. dream                   C. success                 D. job

26. A. retrained               B. regarded                 C. considered               D. respected

27. A. increase               B. order                    C. discount                 D. explanation

28. A. bag                   B. machine                  C. knife                   D. stick

29. A. brought up             B. gave up                  C. made up                 D. picked up

30. A. sleep                   B. talk                     C. study                   D. sing

31. A. knowledge             B. information               C. lessons                  D. skills

32. A. cancelled              B. acquired                 C. evaluated                 D. forgot

33. A. common               B. legal                     C. old                      D. early

34. A. competing              B. developing                C. supporting               D. increasing

35. A. turned                 B. changed                  C. helped                   D. improved

36. A. measures               B. courses                  C. messages                D. tours

37. A. came true          B. took off                  C. went ahead          D. paid off

38. A. law                   B. medicine                 C. science              D. arts

39. A. However               B. Indeed                  C. Later                  D. Before

40. A. people                 B. nights                   C. cars                    D. opportunities

 

III. 阅读理解

A

The interview has been going on for about 20 minutes and everything seems to be going well. Then, suddenly, the interviewer asks an unexpected question, “Which is more important, law or love?”

Job applicants in the West increasingly find themselves asked strange questions like this. And the signs are that this is beginning to happen in China.

Employers want people who are skilled, enthusiastic and devoted. So these are the qualities that any reasonably intelligent job applicant will try to show no matter what his or her actual feelings are. In response, employers are increasingly using the questions which try and show the applicant’s true personality.

The question in the first paragraph comes from a test called the Kiersey Temperament Sorter. It is an attempt to discover how people solve problems, rather than what they know. This is often called aptitude 天资)test.

According to Mark Baldwin of Alliance, many job applicants in China are finding this type of questions difficult. “When a Chinese fills out an aptitude test, he or she will think there is a right answer but they may fail because they try to guess what the examiner wants to see.”

This is sometimes called the prisoner’s dilemma 窘境. Applicants are trying to act cleverly in their own interest, but they fail because they don’t understand what the interviewer is looking for. Remember that in an aptitude test, the correct answer is the honest answer.

41. What is the purpose of the passage?

A. To give a piece of advice for job interviewees.

B. To tell you how to deal with job interviews.

C. To describe an aptitude test.

D. To advise you how to find a good job.

42. Now employers want to hire workers _____.

A. who know much more than others         

B. who are better educated than others

C. who are able to solve the problems         

D. who will work harder than others

43. According to the writer, in an aptitude test, Chinese job applicants should _____.

A. not tell the truth                                          

B. offer a complete answer

C. learn to tell what they really think          

D. find out what the examiner wants to know

44. From the passage we know that _____.

A. job applicants are always asked such questions

B. more Chinese applicants fail to find a job

C. applicants should not act as cleverly as possible

D. aptitude test is becoming world-wide popular

 

B

It has been said before, but experiencing it myself has made me want to say it again: a smile can cross all language barriers.

I recently moved from Canada to a small city on the south coast of South Korea to work as an English teacher. My first few weeks in Chinhae were challenging. I knew only one fluent English speaker other than myself---my employer. So, having left my family and friends far away on a different continent and having moved to a city in which I was the only foreign English teacher, I felt a bit shaken.

At the grocery stores, I could not read the food packages and certainly did not know how to ask for help. _____________. Such little frustrations began to add up and I soon felt homesick and tired. I longed for some familiar food, familiar sounds, anything familiar!

One night, after a long day at work, I was feeling particularly weary ---My legs were aching and I wasn’t looking forward to cooking dinner. Just as I was about to push the key into the door, the old woman who was the landlady called to me and signed me into her apartment. I didn’t understand a word she said, but I understood her smile. I followed her into her kitchen, which smelled like the wonderful Korean foods I was coming to love. After she had put many dishes of food on the table and had set me up with a glass of cola, she sat down across from me. We were both laughing the whole time at our complete inability to communicate in words. We did manage to have a small conversation, though. It went something like this:

“Canada?” She asked slowly, pointing at my chest.

“Yes,” I answered.

“Korea?” I said, pointing at her. We both laughed.

When it was time to leave, I said “thank you” in Korean, using some of the few words I had learned. I went home to my apartment feeling less alone than I had expected to feel that evening. Chinhae felt less like a strange and frightening place, and more like a home. I don’t think the old landlady knew how much her smile and her wonderful food meant to me that evening, but perhaps someday I will be able to tell her.

45. Why did the author feel challenged during the first few weeks in Chinhae?

A. Chinhae is a small city.                  

B. Only her boss was kind to her.

C. Few people could communicate with her.

D. She had difficulty in teaching English in Korea.

46. Which of the following sentences can be put in the blank?

A. Nobody could help me.

B. I thought I’d better learn Korean.

C. The food at the grocery stores made me homesick.

D. Once I bought sugar, which I thought was salt.

47. The underlined word “weary” in Paragraph 4 most probably means “______”

A. excited                   B. lonely                     C. homesick               D. tired

48. From the passage we can infer that_____.

A. the author will soon move back home

B. the author was deeply moved by the old lady

C. the author learned more Korean after the dinner

D. the old lady was very lonely because she had no children

 

C

Most of us want to be greener, and all of us want to be richer. Although the only way to be an environment-friendly motorist is to change your car for a bike, if you are addicted to your wheels, going green could save you cash. As petrol prices rise, greener drivers can also be richer.

Petrol is unlikely to become any cheaper. Oil prices, already at record levels, were put under more pressure this week after President Morales of Bolivia nationalized his country’s oil and gas reserves. Turning to a more environmentally friendly car could make a big decline in motoring costs. About one in six drivers has considered following the example of Leonardo DiCaprio and David Cameron by turning to a hybrid car.

Hybrid cars run on petrol and batteries, making them more economical and less harmful to the environment than petrol-run vehicles. A driver who travels an average of 10,000 miles a year could save nearly300 a year on petrol by driving the Honda Civic Hybrid rather than the petrol-run version, and would release 释放 only about two thirds of the carbon dioxide. But those who are more interested in their wallet than the environment may be put off by the price: the Hybrid is about 3000 more expensive than its petrol counterpart 对应物.

Andrew Davis, director at the Environmental Transport Association ETA, a motor breakdown company, says that the key to cutting fuel costs is to reduce engine size. “Those who don’t want to go for a ‘green’ car can cut down on environmental effect and fuel costs by reducing the size of their car.” A Citroen C1 is not a hybrid car, but its low carbon dioxide releases rival 竞争 the Honda and Toyota hybrids.

Another way to cut costs is to change a car to run on liquid petroleum gas LPG. Ingram Legge, director of the Greenfuel Company, which changes cars to LPG, says that there has been a rise in the number of motorists changing their cars.

49. The purpose of the writer’s writing the passage is _____.

A. to call on us to save as much petrol as possible

B. to warn us of the lack of petrol due to vehicles

C. to tell us the differences between hybrid cars and petrol-run cars

D. to point out that we can save more if we are greener

50. We can learn from the passage that hybrid cars______.

A. are cheaper to buy and smaller in size

B. are ones that no longer use petrol

C. travel at a higher speed and produce less waste air

D. are more environmentally friendly and can help us become richer

51. Which of the following does the writer probably agree with?

A. As a result of the high price of oil, all people will turn to a hybrid car.

B. In order to save money, you’d better change your car for a bike.

C. The best way to solve the lack of petrol is to develop new resources.

D. Reducing the size of a car is also a way to cut cost and be environmentally friendly.

52. What is the main idea of Paragraphs 4 and 5?

A. Citroen C1 is more environmentally friendly.

B. More and more people will turn to LPG.

C. The ways for drivers to cut costs.

D. Andrew Davis thinks highly of hybrids.

 

Module 3 Body Language and Non-Verbal Communication & Module 4 Great Scientists - 知识改变命运 - 武城实验中学---知识改变命运


【试题答案】

I. 单项填空     

1~5 DBDDB                    6~10 DBDBC                11~15 DADDC

16~20 ACBCB

 

II. 完形填空

21~25 DACBD                 26~30 ACBDA              31~35 CBDAC

36~40 BDACB

 

III. 阅读理解

A 41~44 ACCD     

B 45~48 CDDB

C 49~52 DDDC  

 

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