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武城县实验中学---知识改变命运

淡泊明志,宁静致远。

 
 
 

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2011届百所重点高中联考卷读写任务  

2011-11-19 19:34:58|  分类: 中考英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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   11届 金太阳联考
读写任务讲评

原题:
In ancient times,a king had a stone placed on a roadwway. Then he hid himself and watched to see if anyone would remove the huge rock. Some of the king’s wealthiest businessmen and officials came by and simply walked around it.
     many loudly blamed the king for not keeping the roads clear, but none did anything about getting the big stone out of the way. Then a peasant came along carrying a load of vegetables. On approaching the stone, the peasant laid down his burden and tried to move the stone to the side of the road. After much

pushing, he finally succeeded. As the peasant
Picked up his load of vegetables, he noticed a purse lying in the road where the stone had been. The purse contained many gold coins and a note from the king indicating that the gold was for the person who removed the stone from the road. The peasant learned what many others never understand.
1.以30词概括文章内容
2.以120词以障碍(obstacle)与机会为主题发表看法,包括以下要点:
(1) 你对困难或者障碍的看法
(2)你对机会的态度 (3)你认为我们怎样才能获得更多的机会。

长度:
   写作时以表达思想为主,不必拘泥于字数多少。但我们建议,在平时训练中,概括部分以25—35词为宜,发表观点部分以110—150词为宜。

1. 七个解题步骤
(1)审题,明确题目要求:明确文章主题、体裁,写作内容、主要时态和主体人称等问题。其中主体人称,就是要确定以第几人称进行写作

 


(2)阅读,抓住内容要点:阅读短文,找出文章的内容要点。
(3)概括,转述作者观点:
用自己的话转述原文内容要点。
(4)过渡,引出自己观点:
写了摘要后,用句过渡的话,再引出自己的观点(赞成或反对)或引出类似的故事。
(5)例证,论证自己观点

 


记叙文——编写与阅读文章主题相同但情节不同的故事(亲身经历或虚构)。
(6)结论,注意前后呼应
(7)润色,使其锦上添花:一查人称是否符合要求;二查语法方面的问题,包括用词、时态等方面的错误等;三查逻辑关系,看前后观点是否一致;三查是否使用一些较为高级的句型,如非谓语动词结构、with 短语结构、定语从句、倒装句型、恰当的连接词、短语动词等(特别提醒:此条不强求,据近两年阅读情况,只要能用简单句表达完要写的内容,就可得该题的60%,即15分,大大超过省平均分了)。

a narrating story写作步骤与技巧:
   1、了解大意通过浏览标题、首段及各段首句等,
   2、  通读全文,找准关键词。
找关键词就是找记叙文的六个要素。一般说来,任何事情或事件(what)都会有时间(when)、地点(where)、可能涉及到的人物(who)、原因(why)、经过(how)、结果(result)。在阅读时将关键词划出来。


Key Words
Who : 
a peasant
What : 
removed a huge stone
Where :
on a roadway
Result :
got many gold coins

 

3、组词成句
依照原文内容,将上述关键词扩展成完整的句子
A peasant removed a huge stone on the roadside and got many gold coins for doing so.
第二次成句:
A peasant removed a huge stone on the roadside ,which was placed by the king. In return, he got  many gold coins for doing so.

 


4.套用语句
 (1)摘要的开头语
According to the passage, we know…
The writer states that…
The author thinks /argues …
The story/passage is about…
The writer/author tells us about
The story mainly tells us that…

同学样本 1 :
  The passage tell us a story about a peasant move the stone so that got some gold coins and other people never want to move it.
试改为:The passage tells us a story about a peasant who moved the stone that others didn’t want to move, so he got many gold coins.

同学样本 2
From the passage, we can know in ancient times a king put a rock in the road, many people passed, but nobody to remove it. At last, a peasant remove the rock and gained gold coins. The story tell us the opportunity always hide in the obstacle.( 47 words )
试改为: From the passage, we know a peasant removed the rock that nobody  wanted to remove and gained gold coins, which tells us opportunities always hide in the obstacles.

Summary :
How to summarize a narrating story:
  1. Get to know who, where, when, why, how or what in the story (clue).
2. Get to know the hidden meaning of the story

 

(2)摘要后过渡语:在写完摘要之后,要有过渡词或过渡句,才使上下文自然衔接。
表达自己观点:
In my opinion, …
As far as I am concerned,…
As for me,…
From my personal angle alone…
From my personal point of view…
According to my experience, I think that…

在明确写作要求和写作内容后,不要急于动笔写作。要从整体上把握文章的结构,划分文章的段落,理清文章的层次。如这篇文章我们可以把opinion,attitude, what to do部分直接按照a) b) c) 三个点分成三段。
1 .Opinion,  supporting sentence 1/ supporting sentence 2…
2. Opinion, reason--- example 

From my personal point of view , obstacles are a necessary part of our life. Only By experiencing difficulties or obstacles can we become more mature. In fact, many famous persons in the world lived through a hard time and got their achievements. For  example, Thomas Edison, a great inventor, achieved his success after hundreds of failures.

Attitude
Attitude--- supporting sentence 1…
As for me, opportunities can help us realise our dreams. Because there are not always opportunities waiting for us, we should treasure them and grasp them. More importantly, we must learn to seek opportunities or create them.

 

What to do( How to get more chances)
As a saying goes, “Fire is the test of gold”. To get more opportunities, we should face obtacles or difficulties  bravely in our daily life because obstacles and opportunities go hand in hand.  It’s after we go through obstacles that we can find or create true opportunities.

总结句,套语配名言来进行点题,要前后呼应,三位一体,约30词。
总结句开头语
In conclusion,… /In short,… /To make a long story short,… /In general,… /In a word,… /In belief,… /On the whole,… /All in all,… A student’s verson:
  

①用it is/was…that...强调句式。
②用作状语的介词短语开头的完全倒装句或用以only in this way等开头的部分倒装句。
③用with的复合结构(with+宾语+宾补)作状语。
④用非谓语动词简化状语从句或并列结构。
⑤用what引导的名词性从句。
⑥用独立主格结构。
⑦恰当运用感叹句、被动句等。


In my opinion, as treating for obstacle, we should be full of confidence. Because obstacle is high wall that we must to climb over it, and after that, we will be succeed. So obstacle is not terrible, instead, it is a opportunity.

 

In my opinion, when facing an obstacle, we should be full of confidence because an obstacle is a high wall that we must  climb over . Only  after we overcome it will we  succeed. So obstacle is not terrible; instead, it is an opportunity.

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