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Module 5 Unit 1 Shanghai is bigger than Hong Kong  

2011-03-26 21:21:59|  分类: 七年级英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Module 5 My hometown and country

Unit 1 Shanghai is bigger than Hong Kong

时间:2009320  编制:王海燕

一、学习内容

通过对城市间的比较描述,学习形容词比较级的基本用法。

二、学习目标

词汇及短语

hometown, than, kilometre, million, population, answer, metre, East China, South China, 554 metres high, 13 million people, an old city

三、重难点

学习形容词比较级与than连用

四、学习过程

(一)复习检查

用所给单词的适当形式填空

 1. Students will read books or              (use) the Internet.

  2. What do you use the Internet                 (do)?

  3.                 (fly) is very interesting but it’s also very expensive.

  4. It’s cheap              (heat) our homes with sunshine.

  5. Tomorrow is May Day. Students               (have) no lessons.

  6. There will be strong               (wind) in spring and autumn.

  7. Will we have robots in our homes                 (do) many jobs?

  8. People will have long holidays and               (lot) of free time.

(二)课前预习

词汇

 1. east n. 东方,东部 The sun rises in the east.

eastern adj. 东方的,东部的  China is an eastern country.

in the east of  在……东部

Shanghai is in the east of China.

2. million num. 百万   Shanghai has got 14 million people. 

  拓展:当million, hundred, thousand前面有具体数字时,这些数词都不加-s;当它们前面没有具体数字时,常为millions of, hundreds of, thousands of,意义是“数百万,数百,数千”。There are millions of birds over the sea. 海上有数百万只鸟。

3. busy adj.  忙的;繁忙的

 What are you busy doing? I’m busy with my homework.

4. population n.人口

 This city has a population of more than 1,000,000.

  这个城市有一百多万的人口。

 What’s the population of Shanghai? 上海的人口有多少?

拓展:

population是复合名词,用法如下:

 (1)与定冠词the连用,作主语时,谓语动词常用第三人称单数形式。如:

The population of this city is 8 million.

这个城市的人口是八百万。

 (2)有时可用作可数名词,其前可用不定冠词。如:

New York is a bit city with a population of over 10 million.

纽约是一个有一千多万人口的大城市。

 (3)表示人口的“多”或“少”,要用“large”或“small”。如:

India has a large population. 印度人口众多。

Singapore has a small population.  新加坡人口少。

 (4)询问某国、某地有多少人口时,不用“How much……?”,而用“How large……?”;问具体人口时用“What……?”。如:

How large is the population           你们家乡有多少人口?

What is the population of Canada?    加拿大的人口有多少?

 5. than conj.

Is Hong Kong bigger than Shanghai?   香港比上海大吗?

拓展:

形容词的比较级可以与“than”一起用,表示两者相比。如:

He is                (old) than me. 他比我大。

The winter in Hong Kong is                (cool) than Shanghai.

The apple is                  (big) than that one.

It is              (hot) in Guilin than that in Harbin.

  6. 1.5 kilometres long 1.5千米长

英语中表示多高、多宽、多长等概念时,通常将数字放在单位词的前面,而长、宽、高等词放在单位词的后面。如:

This building is 90 metres high.

The swimming pool is 50 metres long and 20 metres wide.

My vacation is two weeks long.

 7. 554 metres high 554米高

辨析:hightall

  1hightall都可以表示“人”的身高,建筑物的“高”;只是表示“人”的身高时多用“tall”。如:

The city has many high (tall) buildings.

8. Daming, can you answer some questions for my homework, please?

大明,请你帮助我回答作业中的问题好吗?

 (1)辨析:someany

一般some用于肯定句,any用于疑问句、否定句。如:

I am looking for some chalk. 我在找一些粉笔。

Do you have any friends here?  你这里有朋友吗?

I do not have any friends here. 我这里没朋友。

a. 在期望对方肯定的回答时,问句也用some

如:Will you lend me some money?

b. any表示“任何;任何一个”时,也可用于肯定句。

如:shanghai is bigger than any other city in China.

someany后没有名词时,可作代名词,此外两者也可作副词。

如:Some of them are my students.

Is your mother any better?

(三)课堂研讨

 1. Read the phrases in the box.

Use some of them to describe the picture.

Ask some ss to the phrases in class.

  2. Ss listen to the tape and match the words in the box with the words and phrases in Activity 1.

  3. Practice listening

Play the dialogue in Activity 3 twice(两遍), Then let Ss answer the questions in Activity 4.

  4. Listen to the tape three times in Activity 5. Then work in pairs.

(四)巩固练习

.根据首字母及所给单词提示完成句子

 1. Shanghai is bigger t            Hangzhou.

  2. The desk is one and a half meters l                    .

  3. Can you a             my question?

  4.What’s the p                    of Shanghai?

It’s 13 million.

  5. She is             (busy) today than yesterday.

  6. Hangzhou is                 (hot) than Ji’nan.

  7. Tianjin and Beijing are big                (city).

  8. Shanghai is seven hundred                    (year) old.

.单项选择

 1.What’s           Shanghai?   13 million people, I think.

A. population                            B. populations

C. the population of                   D. the populations of

  2. Can you answer           questions for my homework?

A. some            B. any              C. a little           D. a bit

  3.Thank you for your help.                   .

A. It doesn’t matter               B. You’re welcome

C. You’re kind                          D. I don’t think so

  4. The city is ten           old.

A. hundreds year                       B. hundreds of year

C. hundreds of years            D. hundred years

  5. The river is 3 kilometres       and more than 700 kilometres           .

A. wide; long           B. away; wide  C. long; long            D. old; long

  6. She is          than me.   A. tall B. taller      C. higher     D. high

  7. Which city is          , Shanghai or Beijing?

A. big               B. large            C. bigger           D. largest

  8. Tom is taller than          in his class.

A. any boy        B. any other boy   C. the other boy        D. the other

.用所给单词的适当形式填空

1. Can you answer some               (question)?

2. Shanghai is an               (old) city than Linyi.

3. He is a little            (heavy) this year than last year.

4. The girl is               (young) than Tom.

5. September is the                (nine) month of the year.

6. There are all              (kind) of colour pencils in the box.

7. Our room is not cleaner than the            (twins).

8. A cow is much              (big) than a sheep.

.根据汉语提示完成句子

1. The hill is                          (555米高).

2. My grandfather is                     (七十岁).

3. Shanghai is                 (一座新城市)than Hong Kong.

4. Shanghai is in                    (华东).

5. Hunan is in                  (华南).

6. Can you                                      (回答一些问题)for you homework?

7. What’s                  (人口)of China?

.句型转换

 1. My pencil is long. Your pencil is longer.(合并为一句)

Your pencil is                                                                .

  2. He is ten years old. She is twelve years old.(合并为一句)

She is two years                                                                  . 

  3. Hong Kong is newer than Shanghai.(改为一般疑问句)

                                                          newer than Shanghai?

  4. How many people are there in Hong Kong?(改为同义句)

                                                                           Hong Kong?

  5. She can speak Japanese.(改为否定句)

                                    speak Japanese.

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