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武城县实验中学---知识改变命运

淡泊明志,宁静致远。

 
 
 

日志

 
 

【引用】2011年全国各地中考英语试题分类汇编 英语阅读理解(判断型)  

2011-09-27 08:40:12|  分类: 2011年中考英语试 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

2011年全国各地中考英语试题分类汇编< xmlnamespace prefix ="o" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

英语阅读理解(判断型)

2011乌鲁木齐】(判断型)

阅读下面语言材料,根据要求作答。根据短文内容,判断文后句子的正确(T)与错误(F

 “How are you?” is a nice question. It’s a friendly way that people in the U.S.A greet each other. But “How are you?” is also a very unusual question. It’s a question that often doesn’t need an answer. The person who asks“ How are you?” hopes to hear the answer “Fine”, even if the person’s friend isn’t fine. The reason is that “How are you?” isn’t really a question and “Fine” isn’t really an answer. They are simply other ways of saying “Hello” or “Hi”.

Sometimes, people also don’t say exactly what they mean. For example, when someone Asks “Do you agree?”, the other person might think, “No, I disagree. I think you’re Wrong...”But it isn’t very polite to disagree so strongly, so the other person might say “I’m not sure.” It’s a nicer way to say that you don’t agree with someone.

People also don’t say exactly what they are thinking when they finish talking with other people. For example, many talks over the phone finish when one person say “I’ve to go now.” Often, the person who wants to hang up gives and excuse: “Someone’s at the door.” “Something is burning on the stove.” The excuses might be real, or not. Perhaps the person who wants to hang up simply doesn’t want to talk any more, but it isn’t polite to say that. The excuse is more polite, and it doesn’t hurt the other person.

Whether they are greeting each other, talking about an idea, of finishing a talk, people don’t say exactly that they are thinking. It’s an important way that people try to be nice to each other, and it’s part of the game of language.

51How are you?is another way of saying "Hello." or" Hi."

52. It is polite lo say" No. I disagree I think you are wrong, "if you don’t agree with others.

53. When someone says "I have to go now "On the phone.it means he wants to go on talking.

54 "Someone is at the door." may be an excuse for finishing a plume can.

55. Sometimes people don't say exactly what they are thinking about just became they try to be nice to each other.

【主旨大意】文章介绍了人们在一些情况下说出违心的话,他们不想去这样做,目的只有一个用委婉的语气,来使人们彼此之间想出得更和谐。

51. T 细节理解题 由文章第一段最后一句可知,“How are you?”在一些情况下实际是打招呼的另一种说法

52. F 细节理解题 由第二段可知非常强硬的不同意对方意见是不礼貌的。

53. F 细节理解题 由第三段可知人们想挂段电话时经常说一些可能不是真实的理由。

54. T 细节理解题 由第三段Often, the person who wants to finish the phone call gives an excuseSomeone's at the door." The excuse might be real. or not.可知

55. T 主旨理解题 通读文章可知人们说不想说的事实或理由目的是It's an important way that people try to be nice to each other .and it i- part of the game of language.2011湖南湘潭 判断正误型】第一节 阅读下面的短文,判断文后的句子是否与短文内容相符,复合的选T 不符合的选F(共4小题,每小题2分)

Life in 2050

    What will life be like in the year 2050? No one knows, but of course it will be very different from it today Here are some predictions:

    Firstly, people will work fewer hours, and robots will do hard and dangerous work instead. So they will have more free time for sports and travelling.

    Secondly, cars, will run faster, and computers will control(控制) the speed instead of people. So there won't be any accidents.

    Thirdly, people will be able lo live in the sea. away from the crowded and noisy cities on land.

    Lastly, water will  have become one of our most serious problems because there could be serious shortage(短缺). Some scientists open predict that water could be the cause of war if we don'i act now.

41. Nobody knows what life will be like in the year 2050.

42. People wont need to work by the year 2050.

43. The sea will be too noisy and crowed for man to live in.

44. Water shortage could be serous in the future.

【文章大意】本文主要讲述的是2050年人们的生活状况。首先,人们工作时间缩短。其次,车行驶得更快。再次,人们可以住在海洋里。最后,水资源短缺将成为最严重的问题。

41.T【解析】文章第一段“No one knows”可见没人知道2050年人们的生活状况。故本题为T

42.F【解析】文章第二段“people will work fewer hours”可见那时人们的工作时间缩短了,但并没有说2050年人们不用上班了。故本题为F

43.F【解析】文章第四段意思为:人们可以住在海洋里,远离陆地上拥挤和嘈杂的城市。可知海洋并不拥挤和嘈杂,故本题为F

44.T【解析】 文章最后一段“water will have become one of our most problems because there could be serious shortage.”可见故本题为T

2011呼和浩特】(判断型)(D)

The word “sport” first meant somethin that people did in their free time. Later it often meant hunting (捕猎) wild animals and birds.

About a hundred years ago the word was first used for organized games. This is the usual meaning of the word today. People spend a lot of their spare time playing football, basketball, tennis and many other sports. Such people play because they want to. A few people are paid for the sport they play. These people are called professional sportsmen. They may be sportsmen for only a few years, but during that time the best one can earn a lot of money.

For example, a professional footballer in England earns more than < xmlnamespace prefix ="st1" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" />3000 a year. The starts earn a lot more. International golf and tennis champions (网球锦标赛) can make more than 50000 in a year. Of course, only a few sporsmen can earn as much money as that. It is only possible in sports for individuals (个人的) like golf, tennis and motor-racing. Perhaps the most surprising thing about sportsmen and money is that: the star can earn more money from advertising than from sport. An advertising for sports equipment (设备) does not simply say “Buy our thing”. It says “Buy the same shirt and shoes as …”. Famous sportsmen can even advertise things like watches and food. They allow the companies to use their name or a photo of them and they are paid for this. Sport is no longer just something for people’s spare time.

根据上文内容判断正(T)误(F

51. A “professional” sportsman is someone who likes sports very much.

52. The word “sport” now usually means “organized ” games.

53. An advertisement for sports equipment just says “Buy our thing”.

54. The sport stars can earn as much money from advertising as from sport.

55. This passage mainly talks about sport and money.

【主旨大意】文章介绍了体育的起源,以及专业运动员的除了运动的薪酬外的还有不菲的广告收入。

51. F 细节理解题 通读文章可知a “professional” sportsman值得是专业运动员,他们一次为工作。

52. T 细节理解题 “About a hundred years ago the word was first used for organized games. This is the usual meaning of the word today.”可知。

53. F “An advertising for sports equipment (设备) does not simply say “Buy our thing””可知。

54. F 细节理解题 “Perhaps the most surprising thing about sportsmen and money is that: the star can earn more money from advertising than from sport”可知。

55. T 整体理解题 通读文章可知文章介绍了体育的起源,以及专业运动员的除了运动的薪酬外的还有不菲的广告收入。

.阅读短文, 判断短文后各题所给句子是否与短文内容相符,相符的请在答题卡相应题号后的选项中将A涂黑,不相符的则将B涂黑。(每小题2分,共10)

(2011贵州毕节)C

Robots have been designed to do many things-play musicwork in hospitalsbut run a restaurant? There are two robot receptionists(接待员) and six robot waitresses and waiters in the Dalu Robot Restaurant in JinanShandongOne hundred customers can eat in the restaurant at a timeTwo of the robots serve drinkswhile the other four serve the food Not all the work in the restaurant is done by themThere are also people working thereespecially in the kitchenThe cooks are humans because the robots don’t have the skills to cook

51Robots can play music

52Six robots work in the Dalu Robot Restaurant

53No people work in the kitchen

54Only a few customers can eat in the restaurant at a time

55The robots can’t cook delicious food

【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。讲的是机器人餐厅的情况。

51A 解析:从文中可知机器人已经被设计的会弹奏音乐。

52B 解析:从文中可知是6个服务员,而不是6个人在餐厅工作。

53B 解析:从最后一句可知餐厅厨师。

54B 解析:从文中可知一次可以有百人用餐。

55A 解析:从文中可知机器人不会烹饪。

  A2011?广西柳州】(判断型)

  Tom has a strong and faithful dog, Bruce. The dog likes playing with Tom. Sometimes he also follows Tom’s father to work.

  One morning when Tom’s father worked in the field, he took off his coat and put it on the ground under a big tree. He turned to the dog and said,“Watch my coat, Bruce!”

  Bruce sat down on the coat. Later Tom’s father remembered he had to buy some food. So he hurried to the shop. After shopping, he went home directly and forgot all about his coat and the dog.

    Late in the evening Tom looked for his dog everywhere in the house, but he couldn’t find him. At this time Tom’s father suddenly remembered his coat and the dog. He went back to the tree at once. He found that Bruce was still sitting on the coat!

    根据短文内容判断正误,正确的在答题卡上涂A,错误的在答题卡上涂B。(5小题,每小题1分,共5分)

61 .Bruce likes playing with Tom.

62. One morning, Tom’s father went to work in a factory with the dog.

63. Tome’s father went home with the dog after shopping.

64. Bruce watched the coat from morning to evening that day.

65. Bruce was angry with Tom’s father.

【文章大意】本文为故事类短文,讲述了汤姆、汤姆的父亲和他们的狗Bruce——一条很听话的狗的故事。

61. A   The dog likes playing with Tom.可知本句描述是正确的。

62. B   由第二小节第一句可知汤姆的爸爸是去田间干活,而不是去工厂。

63. B   由第三小节最后一句可知汤姆的爸爸购物后直接回家了。

64. A   由短文最后一小节可知,Bruce一整天都看着衣服。

65. B   由短文中只交代了汤姆到处找狗,并没有生气。

2011陕西】(判断型)A

Clean water is not only important for people to produce food, but necessary for our life. However, many people in Asia and Africa don't have enough clean water to use. The World Health Organization reports that almost 4,000 children die each day of dirty water or lack (缺乏) of water.

Farmers use 70-85% of the world fresh water to produce food. People usually don't pay much attention to how much water industry(工业) uses, but you may be surprised to know that industry uses 59% of the water in developed countries.

Home use takes up(占据) only 8% in the world. But as cities grow, more water will be used. The local government has to try to make people use less water.

In 60% of European cities, people are saving water by using less. They even keep waste wafer for other use.

In Australia, the government has encouraged people to collect rainwater and recycle water from showers for a second use.

The US Environmental Protection Agency has made a water saving program to encourage families and businesses to check their water use and save more water. Scientists and the UN are looking for good water management as the key to solving the problem. We can all work together to protect our fresh water in our daily life.

41. In developed countries, most water is used by industry. 

42. People in Asia have enough clean water to use. 

43. To save water, Australians and Europeans both choose to recycle water for a second use. 

44. According to the passage, scientists have found good ways to deal with water problems.  

45. Home use of water will increase because of the growing of cities. 

【主旨大意】本文通过例举亚洲和非洲部分地区缺乏水资源的的例子,告诉人们要节约用水。

41. A 从这句话“but you may be surprised to know that industry uses 59% of the water in developed countries.”得出答案。

42. B 从这句话“However, many people in Asia and Africa don't have enough clean water to use.”得出答案。

43. A 通过课文三、四段可得知答案。

44. B 从这句话“Scientists and the UN are looking for good water management as the key to solving the problem.”得出答案。

45. A 从这句话“But as cities grow, more water will be used.”得出答案。

第二节:阅读BCD三部分内容,从各小题所给的四个选项中选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的一个最佳答案。

2011黑龙江绥化市】(B)

Fruit and vegetables should be a part of what we eat every day. Educating your children about the importance of eating fruit and vegetables is important for their health. Here are some fun activities to help you teach your children about fruit and vegetables.

* Reading is one excellent way. Choose a colorful book with many different types of fruit and vegetables.

* Provide your children with fruit and vegetable puzzles. Your children will be able to see what fruit and vegetables look like as they're putting the puzzles together. You can also teach them the different names of fruit and vegetables.

* Each day give your children different fruit and vegetables to eat This will give them the chance to taste many kinds of fruit and vegetables. Talk to your children about what they look like and how they taste and smell.

* Play fruit and vegetable games. Prepare little cups with fruit and vegetables cut up into small pieces. Cover your children's eyes and give them one of the cups to try. After tasting, they have to guess what kind of vegetable or fruit it is.

* Grow vegetables. You can teach your children how vegetables grow by planting them. Your children will also learn how to take care of vegetables.

Judge the following sentences true (T ) or false ( F ) according to the passage.

(     )61, Reading is a good way to help your children know about fruit and vegetables.

(     )62. The puzzles can help children know how fruit and vegetables taste and smell.

(     )63. By playing fruit and vegetable games, children can know what fruit and vegetables look like.

(     )64. Growing vegetables can teach your children how to look after vegetables. (     )65. The passage is mainly about the advantages of eating fruit and vegetables.  

                                           

【主旨大意】蔬菜水果对儿童身体生长发育非常重要,文章介绍了让儿童喜欢吃水果和蔬菜的方法以及认识和管理的意义。

61T细节考查。根据第二段:阅读是帮助儿童了解蔬菜及水果的好方法。

62F细节考查。根据第三段:走迷宫可以帮助儿童认识水果是什么样儿。

63F细节考查。根据第五段:玩水果游戏可以让儿童品尝水果,并且猜出水果的种类。

64T细节考查,种蔬菜可以教会儿童如何管理蔬菜。

65F整体理解。文章从不同的角度来谈论蔬菜水果对儿童成长的意义。

 

 

2011广西崇左】A

 

< xmlnamespace prefix ="v" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:vml" />< xmlnamespace prefix ="w" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:word" />Nowadays, more and more schools in China make rules making students wear school uniforms to school. Parents and teachers think it will make a better learning environment at school, but some students don’t like their school uniforms. So, what are school uniforms like in other parts of the world?

In Japan, boys in middle school wear uniforms called “gakuran” which have dark jackets with stand-up collars and pants. Girls, on the other hand, wear uniforms called “sailor fuku”, which look like European naval(海军) uniforms.

Most schools in England require students to wear school uniforms. Boys need to wear long grey or black pants, white shirts and school ties. Girls have the same clothes as boys, but they can wear skirts or summer school dresses during the summer term.

In the UK, uniforms were the custom throughout most of the 20th Century, but now more and more public schools stop requiring students to wear uniforms. They think uniforms make students lose their personalities(个性).

For children in many African countries, school uniforms can be a kind of pride, or a huge financial burden(经济负担). Many children have only one uniform, and that may be all the clothes they have.

In a word, love it or hate it, school uniform is a part of growing up for children around the world so you’d better enjoy your school uniform and your school life.

根据短文内容,判断下列句子正(T)误(F)。

76. The author introduces school uniforms of different countries to prove it is a part of growing up for children.

77. In Japan, teenagers all wear uniforms which liik like European naval uniforms.

78. Neither Chinese students nor students in other countries like their school uniforms.

79. In England all the school stop requiring students to wear uniforms because they think uniforms make students lose their personalities.

80. In Africa, many children are too poor to afford more than one uniform.

 

【主旨大意】:本文是议论文。主要讲述了在各个国家的校服不一样,以及学生对校服的看法。告诉我们无论对校服的看法如何,他都是学生学校生活的一部分。所以我们要爱我们的校服爱我们的校园生活。

76    F     主旨大意题    本文主要讲述对各个国家校服的不同,告诉我们校服是孩子们成长过程中的一部分,所以要爱我们校服与学校。

77    F     细节理解题    由第二段中Girls, on the other hand, wears uniforms called sailor fuku, which look like European naval uniforms. 可知:在日本只有女孩穿的校服像海军服。故选A

78    F     细节理解题    由第五段第一句“For children in many African countries can be a kind of pride, or a huge financial burden. ”可知对于非洲国家的孩子们来说校服就是一种荣誉,所以他们应该是喜欢校服的。

79    F     细节理解题    根据第四段中…but more and more public school stop requiring students to wear uniforms.可知:越来越多的公立学校不在要求学生穿校服,二不是所有的学校。

80    T     细节理解题    根据第五段中……,or a huge financial burden. Many children have only one uniform, and that may be all the clothes they have.可知:校服对于非洲的孩子们来说可能是一种经济负担。很多孩子只有一套校服,并且这是他们全部的衣服。从而可知非洲的孩子很穷无法支付更多的校服。

2011郴州】(判断型)A) 阅读短文,判断正误。(5小题,计10分)

I started this QQ group named CZ (Chenzhou) English club two months ago. It has twenty-eight members now. It is an English chatting place. Now we need some more friends who are interested in chatting in English.

Please remember the rules for our group members.

Everyone in our group must speak in English with each other. Don't keep silent for ten days.

The main aim of this group is to improve our English.

Chatting in English doesn't mean we pay more attention to English. I think Chinese is my first language and it's the most important.

Don't send advertisements or any pictures here.

If you don't follow the rules above, we will ask you to leave.

46. This QQ group is an English chatting place.

47. Everyone in this group must speak in Chinese with each other.

48. The main aim of this QQ group is to make friends.

49. The writer thinks English is more important than Chinese.

50. If you send advertisements or any pictures here, you will have to leave.

【主旨大意】参加郴州英语俱乐部,以及俱乐部的相关情况和规则。

46T 事实细节题。根据第一段第三句话It is an English chatting place.可直接确定陈述句子正确。答案为T.

47 F事实细节题。根据第一条规则Everyone in our group must speak in English with each other.可直接确定陈述句子错误。答案为F.

48 F事实细节题。根据第二条规则The main aim of this group is to improve our English. 可直接确定陈述句子错误。答案为F.

49F事实细节题。根据第三条规则I think Chinese is my first language and it's the most important.

可直接确定陈述句子英语最重要错误。答案为F.

50 T细节理解题。根据最后一条规则和最后一句话Don't send advertisements or any pictures here.

If you don't follow the rules above, we will ask you to leave.可知问题陈述是正确的。答案为T

 

2011黑龙江齐齐哈尔】

 ( B )

Fruit and vegetables should be a part of what we eat every day. Educating your children about the importance of eating fruit and vegetables is important for their health. Here are some fun activities to help you teach your children about fruit and vegetables.

Reading is one excellent way. Choose a colorful book with many different types of fruit and vegetables.

Provide your children with fruit and vegetable puzzles. Your children will be able to see what fruit and vegetables look like as they’re putting the puzzles together. You can also teach them the different names of fruit and vegetables.

Each day give your children different fruit and vegetables to eat. This will give them the chance to taste many kinds of fruit and vegetables. Talk to your children about what they look like and how they taste and smell.

Play fruit and vegetable games. Prepare little cups with fruit and vegetables cut up into small pieces. Cover your children’s eyes and give them one of the cups to try. After tasting, they have to guess what kind of vegetable or fruit it is.

Grow vegetables. You can teach your children how vegetables grow by planting them. Your children will also learn how to take care of vegetables.

Judge the following sentences true ( T ) or false ( F ) according to the passage.

(    )66. Reading is a good way to help your children know about fruit and vegetables.

(    )67. The puzzles can help children know how fruit and vegetables taste and smell.

(    )68. By playing fruit and vegetable games, children can know what fruit and vegetables look like.

(    )69. Growing vegetables can teach your children how to look after vegetables.

(    )70. The passage is mainly about the advantages of eating fruit and vegetables.

6670  TFFTF   

 

阅读A篇短文,根据短文内容判断正误,正确的写“T”,错误的写”F”

2011梧州】(判断型)A

Shane Battier (肖恩 巴蒂尔) is a famous basketball player. Now he plays in Houston Rockets (休斯顿火箭队). Yao Ming is also in the team. Shane Battier was born in 1978 in Michigan. He is 2.03 meters tall. He loves his parents very much. He always remembers their words: Be kind to others. In Shane Battier's everyday life, he likes playing golf and tennis. He also likes playing chess. His favorite film is Meet the Parents. His favorite singer is Marvin Gaye. He hopes to be a boss (老板) in the future.

He began to play basketball at the age of four. In 2006, he joined Houston Rockets, and became one of the most important players. 31, a familiar number, is often shouted in the game More and more basketball fans regard him as a hero! He is a team-player. He once said, "There are many excellent players in our team, so I shouldn't only try to show myself, instead I will try my best to help my partners to play well. Teamwork is the most important."

It is his hard work that makes him successful and famous. Let's wish him good luck in the future.

61. Shane Battier likes playing golf, tennis and chess.

62. He wants to be a singer like Marvin Gaye in the future.

63. Shane Battier and Yao Ming play in the same team.

64. His number in Houston Rockets is 31.

65. Shane Battier only wants to show himself in any games.

【主旨大意】文章介绍了美国火箭队球员肖恩.巴蒂尔的个人简历、业余爱好、他的梦想、及他的成功之路----团队合作。

61. T 细节理解题 由第一段“In Shane Battier's everyday life, he likes playing golf and tennis. He also likes playing chess.”可知。

62. F 细节理解题 由第一段“He hopes to be a boss (老板) in the future. ”可知。

63. T 细节理解题 由第一段“Shane Battier (肖恩 巴蒂尔) is a famous basketball player. Now he plays in Houston Rockets (休斯顿火箭队). Yao Ming is also in the team.”可知。

64. T 细节理解题 由第二段“31, a familiar number, is often shouted in the game More and more basketball fans regard him as a hero”可知。

65. F 细节理解题 由“He once said, "There are many excellent players in our team, so I shouldn't only try to show myself, instead I will try my best to help my partners to play well. Teamwork is the most important."”可知。

 

2011福建莆田】(判断正误型)A

Last Friday after I got my pay, I went shopping on my way home. In the crowded supermarket, I lost my purse and my money was gone with it. I felt very angry and sad. We were not rich and the money was important for us. How could I tell my wife about it?

I felt really sorry for losing the money. When I got home, I cleaned the house and prepared a nice meal. I hoped what I did could comfort(安慰) my wife. When she came back, she was surprised to see the clean house and the nice meal. Then I began to tell my story when we were at table, but my wife didn't respond (反映) as if she had not heard my words. Maybe she was trying hard to hide her anger, I thought.

“I've lost my pay." I said to her again.

“I see.” She didn't seem to be angry with me. For a moment, she said nothing but enjoyed the meal with me.

“I've lost my money," I could not help asking, “why don't you blame (责备) me?"

“Oh, my dear," she raised her eyes, looked at me and said, "I'm thinking about how to comfort you. It's the thief who is to be blamed!"

根据短文内容,判断句子正误,正确的写“T”,错误的写“F

(       ) 53. I got my pay last Monday.

(       ) 54. In the supermarket I lost my purse and money.

(       ) 55. I cleaned the house because I liked doing it.

(       ) 56. My wife was surprised to see what I did.

(       ) 57. When my wife heard my story, she became very angry.

文章大意:丈夫在超市把钱丢了,为了安慰妻子,他打扫了房间并做了一顿美餐,在向妻子解释之后,妻子并没有生气,反而安慰了丈夫。体现了夫妻间相互理解,和睦相处。

53—57 FTFTF

A) 判断正误。

2011湖南益阳】(A)

One day, two young men went to a small city. They stayed outside a shop for a long time, and they seemed to have nothing to do. The owner of the shop felt they were unusual. So he used his new mobile phone to take a picture of them. After that he sent a message with the picture to the police. The picture surprised the police because the persons in the picture had done something wrong before. And the police were trying to catch them! A police car was immediately sent to the shop. The two young men were caught there. Later a policeman told the reporter, "We think this is the first time in the world that a picture message has been used to help catch criminals(罪犯)."

根据以上内容判断下列句子的正 (T) (F)

41. The owner of the shop sent the picture message to the police.

42. The two young men went to the shop to buy a new mobile phone.

43. The shop owner thought the two young men were kind.

44. The two young men were caught by the police.

45. The police thought a picture message was often used to help catch criminals.

【主旨大意】商店的老板观察到他门外的两个年轻人行动诡异,就用新买的手机拍了一张照片发给警察。没有想到这两个人是通缉犯。随后一辆警车就把他们逮捕了。

41—45 TFFTF

(2011湖南岳阳中考)A

判断  阅读下面的材料,判断下列句子是否符合短文内容。符合的涂T,不符合的涂F

TTrue)(FFalse

What is color? Why do some of the things around us look red, some green, others blue?

Colors are really made by reflected(反射)light. We can see colors because most of the things reflect light. Something is red, for it reflects most of the red light. In the same way, if something is green, it reflects most of the green light. If something reflects all light, it is white. If it doesn’t reflect any light, it is black.

Some light is reflected. But the other light is taken in and turns into heal. The darker the color is the less light is reflected, and the more light is taken in. For this reason, dark-colored clothes are warmer in the sun than light-colored clothes.

 

41. Colors are made by reflected light.

42. Something looks white because it reflects all kinds of light.

43. In the dark, we can’t see anything because all the things don’t reflect any light.

44. When the other light is taken in, it will be reflected in the end.

45. In the sun, the warmest clothes must be light-colored.

【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。文章通过讲述反射讲述了颜色的形成。

41. T由第三句Colors are really made by reflected(反射)light.可知。

42. T 由第一段倒数第二句If something reflects all light, it is white.可知。

43. T 由第一段最后一句If it doesn’t reflect any light, it is black.可知。

44. F 由第二段第一句But the other light is taken in and turns into heal.可知。

45. F 由第二段第二句中的dark-colored clothes are warmer in the sun than light-colored clothes.

可知。

( 2011大庆) V. Reading Comprehension (本题共20小题,ABC每小题1分,D每小题2分,共25)

( 2011大庆) (A)

 

US Boy, 9, Plans to Take Balloon Flight Alone

ALBUQERQUE. New Mexico — Bobby Bradley is ready. He has been training for about five years and learned from some of the

  most experienced and decorated pilots in the sport of ballooning.

 

 

BENGHAZI, Libya — Muammar Gadhafi accepted an African Union(AU) plan to end the Libyan civil war but the opposite said on Monday there could be no deal unless he leaves office.

 

 

NEW YORK — A new book written by Amy Chua on her super-. strict parenting—Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother has raised media (媒体) storm and strong arguments in the US.

Amy Chua is the mother of two teenage girls. In the book she

describes her efforts to give her children what she describes as a

traditional, strict "Chinese" way of bringing up children.

 

TOKYO — The operator of Japan's quake-hit nuclear plant( 受地震袭击的核电站) said on Sunday it aims to reduce radiation leaks(辐射泄漏) in three months and achieve a "cold shutdown" in six to nine months.

 

 

LOS ANGELES — Sunday night, the 83 annual (每年一度的) Academy Awards took place in Los Angeles. Colin Firth won the Best Actor for his role in "The King's Speech”, and Natalie Port man won the Best Actress Oscar for her role in " Black Swan".

 

 

Judge the following sentences True (T) or False (F).

(  ) 31. A 9-year-old American boy is ready to take a balloon flight on his own after training for about five years.

(  ) 32. Gadhafi agreed to end the Libyan civil war but the opposite wouldn't accept it if he leaves office.

(  )  33. "Tiger Mother" parenting raises media storm in the US, but all people agree other traditional, strict "Chinese" way of bringing up children.

(  ) 34. Japan tries to fix radiation leaks in 9 months.

(  ) 35. Natalie won the Best Actress Oscar for her role in "The King's Speech" while Co­lin won the Best Actor for his role in "Black Swan. "

答案:31-35 TFFTF

 

2011福建福州】(判断型)I.根据短文内容,判断下列句子的正误,正确的用“T”,错误的用“F”。(每小题1分,共5分)

Travelling has been popular with people for a long time. Many of today’s travellers are trying to find an unusual experience or adventure. Hiking may be a good choice.

  Instead of spending your vacation on a bus, in a hotel or sitting on the beach, you may want to try hiking. Hiking is a great way to travel. You will get close to nature and take exercise at the same time. Hiking is easy to do and doesn’t have to be very expensive. You can hike close to home or travel to other places. The basic equipment you need for hiking is simple: good shoes, clothes and a backpack. You can hike in the mountain, in a forest or along a river. You can also go for a hike in the city.

  Hiking is fun and exciting, but you shouldn’t forget safety. Here are some basic tips for successful hiking:

  Don’t hike alone.

  bring water, a good map and a cellphone.

Wear a hat to protect yourself from the sun.

56. Hiking is a good way to get close to nature.

57. Good shoes, clothes and a backpack are the basic equipment for hiking.

58. People can only hike in the mountain, in a forest or along a river.

59. Hiking is always fun, exciting and safe

60. You’d better go hiking with others.

【主旨大意】本文介绍了远足之一当今很流行的旅行方式。介绍了为什么它很受欢迎,以及远足时,应注意什么。

56. T  细节理解题 根据第二段的第三句“You will get close to nature and take exercise at the same time.”可知。

57. T  细节理解题 根据第二段的倒数第三句“The basic equipment you need for hiking is simple: good shoes, clothes and a backpack.”可知。

58. F  判断理解题 根据第二段的最后两句“You can hike in the mountain, in a forest or along a river.  You can also go for a hike in the city.”可知不仅仅在那些地方。

59. F  推断理解题 根据第三段的第一句“Hiking is fun and exciting, but you shouldn’t forget safety.”可知hiking并不总是安全的。

60. T  细节理解题 根据第一点需要注意的问题“Don’t hike alone.”可知不能单独去。

2011山东临沂】(判断正误型) A

  Jia Meng used to keep a diary (日记) in Chinese. But one year ago, the 14-year-old girl from Hei Longjiang began to write her diary in English, because Jia found her mother was reading her diary secretly. She changed the language because her mother can’t read English. “It’s like killing two birds with one stone.” said Jia, “My privacy (隐私) became safe and my English improves a lot.”

  Jia’s mother is not the only mom who reads her child’s diary. Recently, Renmin University of China had a national survey among over 2, 3000 parents. The results show that  40% of parents read their children’s secrets. That’s why, like Jia, many teenagers try to find ways to protect(保护) their privacy.

   Wu Lei, 15, of Shanxi, keeps a diary, too. But he doesn’t write in on paper. He writes online which he thinks is perfectly safe because his parents “know nothing about the Internet.”

   Lu Huan, 13, of Guangdong, said her parents always secretly listened to the talk between her friends and her on the telephone in their room. To solve this problem, Lu asked her parents to buy her a mobile phone.

   “Parents want to know what is going on in their children’s lives,” said Shao Xiazhen, a teenage expert in Beijing. “ But sometimes they go about it the wrong way.” Shao suggested to teenagers that instead of hiding their secrets, talking to parents is a better solution. “If your parents know that you are safe, they’ll let you keep your secrets.”

根据短文内容,判断下列句子正误。正确的用“A”表示,不正确的用“B”表示。

46. Jia Meng writes her diary in English in order to improve her English.

47. Recently, Renmin University of China had a national survey, and the results show that 40% of parents read their children’s secrets.

48. Keeping a diary online is the best way to protect the privacy according to the article.

49. Lu Huan asked her parents to buy her a mobile phone in order to protect her privacy.

50. Shao Xiazhen thinks parents will let children keep their secrets if they talk to parents and parents know they are safe.

A 【主旨大意】

在全国大约有40%的家长为了了解孩子的成长情况,而偷看孩子的日记等。而孩子们也有自己的方法来防止父母发现自己的隐身。

46. B细节理解题。根据内容她用英语写日记是防她的妈妈偷看。

47. A细节理解题。段的第二和三句话,可知应选A

48. B主旨大意题。因为这只针对不会电脑的家长,而会电脑的家长发现孩子的日记就太容易了。

49. A细节理解题。第四段的内容。买手机就是怕父母偷听其谈话。

50. A细节理解题。第最后一段的内容。父母只是关心孩子,如果知道孩子是安全的,就不会再偷看孩子的隐私了。

 

2011邵阳  A

A)阅读短文,根据短文内容判断所给句子正(T)(F)(5小题,每小题2)

David got a job in a police station after he left school. He worked there for 42 years and hell retire this year. He worked hard in the past 42 years. But he was not a lucky man. He failed to catch a thief. He was often sorry for it.

Last weekend, while David's wife was cooking she found there was no salt at home. So she asked her husband to buy some. In the shop, David saw a young man taking away a wallet from a woman's bag. He walked to him quietly, but the young man noticed David and ran away at once. David ran after him. At last the thief ran into a blind alley(死胡同) and David caught him.

Please give me a chance, sir.” said the thief

Who can give one to me?said David, “I’ll soon retire and I catch a thief for the first time!”

41. David worked hard in the past 42 years.

42. David was a lucky man, and he often caught thieves.

43. Last weekend his wife asked him to buy some sugar.

44. A young man was stealing a woman's wallet in a shop

45. The young man was the first thief that David caught.

 

【主旨大意】文章讲述了一个警察与小偷的幽默故事。

 

41. T  细节理解题  根据文章中第一段第三句:David worked hard in the last 42 years.可知。

42. F  细节理解题  根据文章中第一段第四句、第五句But he was not a lucky man. He failed to catch a thief.可知他并不幸运,没抓住过贼。

43. F  细节理解题 根据文章中第二段第一句:Last weekend, while David's wife was cooking she found there was no salt at home.可知是去买盐。

44. T  细节理解题  根据文章中第二段第三句: In the shop. David saw a young man taking away a wallet from a woman's bag.可知。

45. T  细节理解题  根据文章的最后一句:and I catch a thief for the first time. 可知。

 

2011上海】VII. Reading comprehension(阅读理解) : ( 56 )

A. True or False(判断下列句子是否符合短文内容, 符合的用”T”表示,不符合的用”F”表示) : ( 7)

Biggie Burger, a new fast food restaurant, will soon be opened in the town. A large group of kids and parents were holding signs shouting outside it yesterday. They were there because hey didn't want the restaurant to open. Never!

“This kind of food is really bad for us!” said Diana,” It’s high in salt, fat, and sugar. it’s unhealthy and we are going to say ’no’ to it!”

“Our town has been a quiet place. Restaurants like this bring people and also a lot of trouble to this area,” said Barbara.” And I’m afraid they will take business away form our local restaurants.”

Other local people disagree .The officials believe that Biggie Burger will bring in huge amounts of money to help improve the town. And 17-year-old Sandy can’t wait for Biggie Burger to open.” I love their hamburgers and fried chicken wings! And I can get a job there.”

Sandy’s dad, a cleaner, agrees,” Biggie Burger’s prices are just right for a family like ours.”

Michael, who owns a toy shop next door to Biggie Burger, is excited, too.” Maybe people who come for a Biggie Burger will spend a few minutes in my store and pick up something.”

The town will hole a meeting on Thursday to hear sides. Everyone is welcome to attend it. Come and voice your opinion!

 

71. Biggie Burger was opened yesterday and many people were there.

72. Diana thinks that the food in Biggie Burger is too expensive.

73. Barbara is afraid that fewer people will come to the local restaurants.

74. Sandy has found a job in Biggie Burger and loves food there.

75. Cleaners like Sandy’s dad in the town can afford the food in Biggie Burger.

76. Michael welcomes the opening of Biggie Burger.

77.The town doesn’t care about people’s opinions when making a decision.

【主旨大意】

新型快餐店Biggie Burger将要在镇上开业了,镇上的人们对此褒贬不一。部分人对这家商店持反对意见;但是也有人持欢迎态度,觉得这是个机遇。

A71. F  【解析】根据文章第一段第一句话可以看出Biggie Burger目前还没开业,所以是错误的;

72. F  【解析】由文章第二段可以看出Diana并不是因为这种食物价格昂贵,而是因为这种食物“高盐、高脂肪、高糖,是一种不健康的食物”才反对的;

73. T  【解析】由文章第三段句子“And I’m afraid they will take business away from our local restaurants.”可以看出该说法是正确的。

74. F  【解析】由文章第三段最后两句话可以看出Sandy还没有在Biggie Burger店里找到工作,因为这个店还没开业;

75. T  【解析】根据文章中的句子Sandy’s dad, a cleaner, agrees, “Biggie Burger’s prices are just for a family like ours.”可以看出这种说法是正确的。

76. T  【解析】由文章倒数第四行句子“Michael,,is xcited, too”及“Maybe people whowill spend a few minutes in my store and pick up something.”可以看出Michael是欢迎Biggie Burger在他们村开业的。

77. F  【解析】由文章最后一段可以看出该村是关心人们的看法的。

(2011 湖南衡阳 )阅读下面文章,并根据短文内容判断文后句子的正误。正确的用(T),错误的用(F)。(共5小题,计10分)

A big earthquake happened in Japan a few months ago. It was a 9.0 on the Richter scale(里氏).It caused a tsunami(海啸) and a nuclear leak(核泄露).Thousands of people died and millions of Japanese lost their homes.

       However, the disaster didn’t cause panic(恐慌) among Japanese people. When the earthquake happened, people left dangerous places in an orderly way. After the shock, they waited in line for food and water. There was no robbing or stampeding(惊逃).

       The Japanese are ready for an earthquake at any time. Almost every family has a survival kit(救生包),which has a flashlight, a radio, water and enough food for several days. It can keep people alive after an earthquake.

       Many earthquakes happen in China, too. Are you ready for too next earthquake?

       When an earthquake happens, protect yourself first. The life is the most important because where there is a life there is hope. Don’t go back to get your money or computers. When an earthquake has ended, be careful because aftershocks(余震) may still happen. Make sure you wear shoes after an earthquake. There may be broken glass on the ground.

       We should always hope for the best but prepare for the worst.

(  )43.The earthquake in March,2011 in Japan caused a tsunami and a nuclear leak.

(  )44.The earthquake made Japanese fear.

(  )45.Many Japanese people have lost their homes and their lives.

(  )46.When the earthquake happens, you should go back to get your money.

(  )47.There are few earthquakes in China.

 

【主旨大意】日本发生里氏9.0级地震,震后人们从容应对,把损失降到最低限度。

43T细节考查。根据第一段:地震引发海啸和核泄漏。

44F细节考查。文章第二段:没有引起恐慌。

45F综合理解。由于日本救生措施到位,没有事很多人丧生。

46F细节考查。文章倒数第二段:我们不能回去取钱以及电脑。

47F细节考查。文章第四段:中国是个地震多发国。

 

2011湖南永州】

       In the United States, children start school when they are five years old. In some states they must stay in school until they are sixteen. Most students are seventeen or eighteen years old when they leave secondary(中等的) schools. There are two kinds of schools in the United States: public schools and private(私立的)schools . Most children go to public schools. Their parents do not have to pay for their education because the schools receive money from the government. If a child goes to a private school, his parents have to get enough money for his schooling. Some parents still prefer private schools, though they are much more expensive. Today about half of the high school students go to universities after they finish the secondary school. A student at state university does not have to pay very much if his parents live in that state. But many students work while they are studying at universities. In this way they develop good working habits and live by their own hands.

51. Children can go to school at the age of four in the U.S.

52. Most parents prefer to send their children to private schools in America.

53. About fifty percent of high school students can go on to universities after they leave the secondary school today.

54. Lots of American students go to universities by depending on their parents completely (完全地).

55. The passage is mainly about American education.

【主旨大意】在美国,孩子五岁才可以上学。美国有两种学校,一是私立学校,一是公立学校,大多数孩子上的是公立学校,有些有钱的孩子去的是私立学校,因为私立学校要花很多钱,在美国学生上大学依靠的是自己的工作习惯和自己的双手。

51. F 由第一句可知,“在美国,孩子们5岁时开始上学。”

52. F Most children go to public schools.”可知,很多孩子去公立学校。

53. T “Today about half of the high school students go to universities after they finish the secondary school.”可知,今天有大约一半的高中生毕业后去大学中学。

54. F 根据下文可知,在美国大学学生依靠的是自己的好的工作习惯和自己的双手。

55. T 阅读全文可知,短文主要说的是美国的教育。

第一节    2011湖南长沙】(判断型)阅读短文,判断下列句子是否符合短文内容。符合的写(T),不符合的写(F)。(共5小题,计10分)

   When you are watching TV, you will notice that more and more famous stars make the ads on TV. Many people believe them because they are famous. But have you ever thought if the ads are real or not?

   In the past few years, lots of stars have been on TV or newspapers as spokesmen(代言人) of some products(产品), such as Sanlu Milk and Haojixing Study Machine. People spent much money on these products, but at last, many of them were not like what the stars said. More and more people are very angry with the famous actors for making the ads after the accident of Sanlu Children Milk.

   What are the public’s ideas about the famous people making ads on TV? Do you agree that the famous people should take responsibility (负责任) if the products have any problems? A research shows that about 36% think it wasn’t the famous stars’ fault(过错)but they all think famous stars should give out the money they got from the ads or the charity(慈善机构). More than 34% think the famous stars must take responsibility. They are dishonest and lose themselves in the public.

   So we should be more careful when we buy things advertised by the stars. We must find what these things are really like instead of only listening to what the stars say.

41. Many people believe the ads because they’re made by famous people.

42. In fact, some products were not like what the stars said.

43. About 36% think famous stars should give out the money they got from the ads to the charity.

44. All the famous actors are not honest and lose themselves in the public.

45. When we buy things, we should only listen to what the stars say.

【主旨大意】本问讲述了明星代言产品的问题,从而引发了如何产品没有宣传的那么好,那么明星该不该负责任的问题。

41 T  细节理解题。从文章的第一段可知此句是正确的。

42 T  主旨大意题。从三鹿奶粉事件可知,本句的表达是正确的。

43 T  细节理解题。根据文中的句子“A research shows that about 36% think it wasn’t the famous stars’ fault(过错)but they all think famous stars should give out the money they got from the ads or the charity(慈善机构).”可知,此句正确。

44 F  细节理解题。此句说法太过肯定,并不知所以的明星都不诚实。

45 F细节理解题。根据文章最后一段可知此句说法错误。

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