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武城县实验中学---知识改变命运

淡泊明志,宁静致远。

 
 
 

日志

 
 

【引用】2011年全国各地中考英语试题分类汇编 任务型阅读(完成表格)  

2011-09-27 08:43:09|  分类: 2011年中考英语试 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

2011四川内江】第一节  任务型阅读(本节5个小题,每小题2分,共10)< xmlnamespace prefix ="o" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

阅读下列短文,完成短文后面的表格内容(各小题不超过5)

George Stephenson was born in < xmlnamespace prefix ="st1" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" />1781 in a poor family. He had to start work when he was only eight. When George was fourteen, he became his father's helper. He spent a lot of time learning about engines. On holidays, he often took engines into pieces and studied each piece carefully. Soon he became a very good worker though he could not read or write.

He began to learn the English letters when he was seventeen years old. Every day after he did twelve hours of hard work, he walked a long way to have lessons from a young teacher.

On his eighteenth birthday, he wrote his own name for the first time in his life. George invented many things in his life. The train was the greatest one among them. Today when we watch or take trains from one place to another, we will think of this great man — George Stephenson.

Great Inventor — 71.________________

In 72.________________

He started work.

Inl795

He spent much time 73. ________________.

In 1798

He began to learn the English letters.

In 1799

He could 74. ________________ for the first time.

In his life

He invented many things, including 75.________________.

  Keys:

  71. George Stephenson         72. 1789        73. learning about engines.    

74. write his own name         75. the train

 

2011江苏宿迁)七、任务型阅读(10小题;每小题1分,满分10

阅读下列短文,根据短文内容填写表格 (每空限填一词)

                         How to beat sadness

We all have days when we are down, tired and unhappy. That’s OK. You need days like this, or how would you know you are happy? You’ll enjoy your good days even more when you have a few bad days. Even if sadness is a part of life, let’s try to make it small. Here are a few simple ways to help you feel better when you are feeling sad.

1. Stand up straight and this helps your energy flow (流动). When your energy is flowing freely, you can flow too.

2. Smile! It’s easy to do and have good results. This way can not only leave you in a good mood but also bring others a good mood.

3. Listen to music. It can be your favourite music. Some kinds of music work better than others, so try and find out what kind of music works the best for you.

4. Take some “me” time. You can find pleasure in reading a book, watching a sunrise or having a hot bath, or something like that.

5. Exercise. Even something as simple as taking a walk will get your blood flowing. It is a great way to clear your mind of anything that makes you sad.

These ways will cheer you up when you are down, but don’t just use them when you are sad. Try and practice them every day to make them a habit. You will be surprised to learn that these simple ways will keep your sadness away. But if you are in a deep depression (沮丧), go to see a doctor.

                    Title: How to beat sadness

Opinions

It is OK to feel down, 76.        and unhappy.

It is possible to make sadness a small 77.        of life.

 

 

Simple 78.      

  to cheer you up

Stand up straight so that your 79.        can flow freely.

80.        at others because it can bring you and others a good mood.

Listen to your 81.        music because it works the best.

82.        pleasure in everyday life, such as watching a sunrise.

Takea walk and you can clear your 83.        of sad things.

Suggestions

Try to make these simple ways a 84.       .

Go to see a 85.       when you are in a deep depression.

答案:76. tired 77. part 78. ways 79. energy 80. Smile 81. favourite 82. Find 83. mind 84. habit 85. doctor

 

 

2011 山东烟台】C

< xmlnamespace prefix ="v" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:vml" />< xmlnamespace prefix ="w" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:word" />Bill Gates is head of the software company Microsoft and one of the world’s richest men. He was born on October 28, 1955 and grew up in Seattle with his two sisters. He was a very bright boy. Science and math were his two favorite subjects at school. And he dreamed of being a scientist.

    Bill first started to play on computers at the age of 13. At that time, a computer was a very large machine. Once he was interested in a very old computer. He and some of his friends spent as much time as possible on computers. In the end, they worked out a software program. Bill sold it for 4,200 dollars when he was only 17.

In 1973, Bill went to Harvard University. In 1975, Bill and his partners developed a software program called BASIC. This was not the first program ever created, but its inventors were the first to decide that people who wanted to use it should pay for it. BASIC was a success. Then Bill left Harvard to work for Microsoft, a company he started in 1975 with his boyhood friend Paul Allen. They thought the computer would come into every office and every home soon. So they began developing software for personal computers. They improved the software to make it easier for people to use computers. After many years of hard work, Microsoft becomes one of the most successful companies. And Bill Gates also becomes one of the richest businessmen in the world.

根据文章内容将信息卡补充完整。

Information about Bill Gates

Date of birth:    October 28, 1955       

Official position:    Head of Microsoft      

Dream job in the childhood:  66. _________________________

Thing first done in 1968:  67. ____________________________

Name of the software program:  68.  ______________________

Reason for developing personal software:  69. _______________

Achievements:  70. ____________________________________

【主旨大意】本文介绍了著名的微软公司的创始人比尔盖茨。比尔在13岁开始接触电脑,并立即对之产生了浓厚的兴趣,17岁赚了创业的第一桶金。1975年大学还未毕业的比尔盖茨毅然放弃学业,和儿时好友保罗艾伦合作成立了微软公司,经过他们数十年不懈的努力,微软公司获得了巨大的成功。

66. (a) scientist   解题思路:根据文章第一段最一句话“And he dreamed of being a scientist.”可以得到正确答案。

67. He/Bill (first ) started to play on computers./ starting to play on computers  解题思路:文章第一段中的句子“He was born on October 28, 1955…”和第三段第一句话“Bill first started to play on computers at the age of 13.”可以得到本题的正确答案。

68. (The name of the software programe is) Basic/ BASIC  解题思路:由第三段第二句话“In 1975, Bill and his partners developed a software program called BASIC.”可得到正确答案。

69. They thought the computer would come into every office and every home soon.   解题思路:由第三段的句子“They thought the computer would come into every office and every home soon. So they began developing software for personal computers.”可以找到正确答案。

70. Microsoft becomes one of the most successful companies. (Bill Gates also becomes) one of the richest businessmen in the world.    解题思路:根据文章倒数第二段中的句子“After many years of hard work, Microsoft becomes one of the most successful companies.”可得到正确答案。

 

五、2011?扬州】任务型阅读(共10;每空1分,计10分)

阅读下列短文,根据短文中的信息完成文后表格。在答题卡标有题号的横线上,写出空缺处所填单词的正确形式。(每空一词)

‘USA? Britain? Which country is better to study in?’ We often hear such discussions. As China opens its door, it is a dream for many Chinese students to study abroad. They want to learn about the outside world.

It’s true that studying abroad can help students develop themselves. Their foreign language skills will be improved and it may be easier to find jobs.

But there are problems that should be considered. Language is the first. Students must spend a lot of time learning another language.

Students must also learn to live without parents’ care and deal with all kinds of things they haven’t had to do before, like looking after themselves. There are reports about Chinese students abroad running into an ocean of difficulties and giving up finally. When they have to take care of themselves, it is hard for students to study well.

Finally, studying abroad brings a heavy burden(负担)to the family. For most Chinese parents, the cost of studying abroad is very high. But is it worth it?

We know that there are many famous people who have achieved success through their hard work in China. Liu Xiang is a good example. Once an American teacher invited him there, but he refused. He kept training hard with his Chinese teacher. He surprised the world when he won a gold medal at the Athens Olympic Games. So when you wonder which country is better to study in, think again.

Title: Studying at   56   or abroad

Phenomenon(现象)

Studying abroad has become a   57   for Chinese students.

Advantages

It is helpful to the future   58   of Chinese students.

It helps to   59   foreign language skills.

It enables Chinese students to find jobs more   60  .

    61   

It   62   Chinese students too much time to learn a foreign

language.

It’s hard for Chinese students to get used to the life abroad

     63   parents’ care.

Parents may be under pressure(压力)because the cost of

   studying abroad is very   64  .

Purpose: To tell us studying abroad is not the only way to be   65   by describing

Liu Xiang’s example.

答案:56. home         57. dream             58. development   59. improve   60. easily

         61. Disadvantages  62. takes 63. without           64. high         65. successful

 

2011湖北黄冈(4)

K. L. Rothey, 71, from the United States, a retired lawyer

Rothey has given himself the Chinese name of Luqi or "roadside beggar(乞丐) ". In his eyes, beggars are doing important work collecting rubbish. What they do is not dirty. Littering the street is, he adds.

Rothey first visited China in 1984 and soon he became interested in Chinese culture. Married to a Chinese calligrapher (书法家) , he lived in Huangshi, Hubei Province.

Many people know him because he often shows up in the street collecting rubbish. " Huangshi is my home so I hope it becomes cleaner and more beautiful," says Rothey. He has also organized volunteers to collect rubbish in other cities, including Wuhan.

Rothey says he'll continue collecting rubbish, as long as he is able to.

Jill Robinson, 50, from Britain, founder{f创立者) and CEO of Animals Asia Founda­tion.

She has been working for nearly 20 years to stop people from getting the bile( 胆汁)from moon bears for use in traditional medicine.

She began working for the International Fund for Animal Welfare in Hong Kong in the mid -1980s. A business trip to a bear farm in the mainland in 1993 changed her life. She saw so many moon bears killed by people. That made her cry. She said she would be back to set them free.

In 1998, she set up the Animal Foundation. In July 2000, the foundation agreed to free 500 farmed moon bears. In 2002, the Moon Bear Rescue(救援) Center was set up in Chengdu, capital of Sichuan.

Now, hear farms have been stopped in the area of two - thirds of China. "As much as we res­cue them, they rescue us. These bears rescue us every single day and they teach us to be better peo­ple," Robinson says.

任务:请阅读上面的短文,根据短文内容完成下面表格中的有关信息。

Name

K. L. Rothey

Jill Robinson

Nationality

77. ________________________

British

Age

71

50

Events

He first visited China in 1984 and became interested in Chinese culture.

He often 78._____________ in the street in Huangshi.

He has also organized volunteers to collect rubbish in other cities.

She began working  for the International Found for Animal Welfare in the mid-1980s.

79. ___________ in the mainland changed her life in 1993.

She set up the Animal Foundation in 1998.

In 2002, the Moon Bear Rescue Center was set up in Chengdu, capital of Sichuan.

The two passages are about two foreigners who have helped improve Chinese lives with their con­tributions (贡献). We should 80.____them and do what we can to protect the environ­ment.

 

77. The United States. 根据“K. L. Rothey, 71, from the United States, a retired lawyer” 可以判断。

78. collects rubbish 根据句子“Many people know him because he often shows up in the street collecting rubbish.”可以填出答案。

79. A business trip to a bear farm 根据句子“ A business trip to a bear farm in the mainland in 1993 changed her life.”可以填出答案。

80. learn from 根据句意“我们应该向他们学习。”

2011湖北十堰】第三节:阅读下面短文,按要求补全表格,每空词数不限(5分)

       Almost all of us have unpleasant habits. We all want to get rid of(摆脱) them, but we don’t know proper ways. Here’s some advice.

    Write down all the reasons why you want to stop some behavior. Look at the reasons very often.

       It’s clever to do something else when you want to stop your bad habits. If you get angry easily, for example, you can go out for a walk.

       Decide what you’ll do to reward(奖励) yourself if you really get rid of your bad habits.

       If you get too heavy, keep junk food out of your house.

       Bad habits develop over years, so you can’t get rid of them very soon. So you should be patient.

       Don’t be afraid to ask others for support. You can talk to your friends, family or other people. When you talk to them, they might be able to provide some advice that you can’t get from yourself.

How to Get Rid of Bad Habits

Make a list

Write down ____________(66) you want to get rid of your bad habits.

Join in some activities

You’d better do something else when you want to stop your bad habits.

Give yourself a reward

Decide how to reward yourself if you ___________(67) in getting rid of your bad habits.

Keep off your bad habits

Stay away from _____________(68) if you want to be thinner.

Be patient

It’s ___________(69) to get rid of a bad habit in a short time.

Ask for  help

When you talk to others, they may give you ________(70)

【主旨大意】本文列出几点如何改掉自己的不良习惯方法。

Keys:

66. (all the reasons) why     67. succeed / are successful / get success    68. junk food 

69. hard / difficult / not easy /impossible… 70. some advice / some ideas / some suggestions / support /help…

2011湖北黄石】(填表题)D

Big ocean fish have almost been endangered since the start of business fishing in the

1950s. The scientists found that the number of large fish has dropped by 90 percent in the

past fifty years. The study took ten years. The researchers collected records from fishing

businesses and governments around the world. The magazine Nature published(发表)the findings.

   The scientists say the common way called longline fishing is especially harmful to large fish. This way includes many fishing lines that are connected(连接) to one boat. If these lines are joined together, they can reach one hundred kilometers. They hold thousands of sharp metal hooks() to catch fish. Longline fishing is especially common in the Japanese

fishing industry. Records showed that Japanese boats used to catch about ten fish for every

one hundred hooks. The study says longline fishing boats now might catch one fish per

hundred hooks.

The scientists say business fishing can destroy groups of fish much faster than in the

past. It’s not the only worry that the number of large fish is becoming smaller and smaller.

What’s worse, they are smaller in size than their ancestors(祖先).

根据短文内容完成表格,每空一词。

What is happening to ocean fish?

Items (项目)

Situations

Results

71.              

of ocean fish

The number of ocean fish has dropped by 90% in the past fifty years.

The number of fish 72. .              

     Smaller and smaller.

The size of ocean fish

Big ocean fish have almost been 73.            since the start of business fishing in the 1950s.

The size of ocean fish is not

74.____ _____ as that in

the past.

The way of fishing(捕鱼)

Long-line fishing can be especially had to 75._____ _____.

Business fishing can destroy

fish groups a lot faster than

in the past.

【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文,介绍了longline fishing这种捕鱼方式对鱼类的危害。

71. business fishing  细节理解题  由第一段的“Big ocean fish have almost been endangered since the start of business fishing in the1950s.”可得出答案。

72. is becoming  细节理解题  由最后一段的“It’s not the only worry that the number of large fish is becoming smaller and smaller.”可得出答案。

73. much fewer  细节理解题  由第一段的“Big ocean fish have almost been endangered since the start of business fishing in the1950s.”可得出答案。

74. as(so) big  细节理解题  由最后一段的“What’s worse, they are smaller in size than their ancestors(祖先).”可得出答案。

75. catch fish  综合理解题  根据文章中对捕鱼方式的介绍可知longline fishing这种捕鱼方式特别适合捕鱼。

2011广东】六、读写综合(本大题分为AB两部分,共20分)

A. 信息归纳 (本题共5小题,每小题1分,共5分)

   请阅读某网站论坛上关于“地球一小时”的文章,根据所提供的信息,完成下列表格,把答案写在答题卡指定的位置上。

From 8:30pm to 9:30 pm on Saturday, March 26th, 2011, a great number of people around the world turned off the lights for Earth Hour. It is a bit like an environmental New Year, providing a chance to help care for our earth and make people around the world learn how important it is to do that.

What can do during this hour? We can do lots of run things in the dark, such as planning a candlelight dinner for our family or a group of friends, telling stories and singing songs with the kids and neighbors.

What did you do for Earth Hour this year? Let’s share the Earth Hour stories.

Emma

I was on one of the mountains near the city and took photos of my city. It was great to watch the stars and the moon after a busy day so that I could enjoy this relaxing moment.

Albert

I work as a waiter in a restaurant. Our restaurant was still open even for Earth Hour as we got lots of reservations (预定) that night. So we spent the hour working by candlelight. And guess what? Our customers loved that and promised to come for next Earth Hour.

Brandon

I turned off the main power to my house and went for a walk for Earth Hour. It was a little strange to walk in the dark, but it was only for one hour. Just think of what it must have been like before the invention of the light bulb!

Mary

I invited my friends who know and support Earth Hour activities. We actually had a candlelight concert and we talked about the old happy days that we spent together in college.

Information Card

The date of Earth Hour in 2011

81

 

Albert’s job

82

 

What Brandon did when it was dark

83

 

Who stayed with Mary during the hour

84

 

The number of people who talked about their stories

85

 

81. March 26th 【解析】由第一段第一句可知。

82. A waiter 【解析】由句“I work as a waiter in a restaurant”可知

83. He went for a walk 【解析】由句“I turned off the main power to my house and went for a walk Earth Hour”可知。

84. Her friends【解析】由句“I invited my friends……”可知。他和他的朋友在一起。

85. Four/4【解析】阅读全文可知由四个人。

2011湖南永州】

Happiness is important for everyone. Most people want to be happy, but few know how to find happiness. Money and success alone do not bring lasting happiness. Happiness depends on ourselves. In other words, we make our own happiness. Here are a few ways to help you be happier.

The first secret of happiness is to enjoy the simple things in life. Too often, we spend so much time thinking about the future—for example, getting into college or getting a good job-that we fail to enjoy the present. You should enjoy life's simple pleasures, such as reading a good book, listening to your favorite music, or spending time with close friends. People who have several close friends tend(……打算) to live happier and healthier lives.

The second secret to leading a happy life is to be active. Many people experience this, dancing or playing a sport. You can forget about your problems, and only think about the activity.

Finally, many people find happiness in helping others. According to studies, people feel good when they volunteer their time to do many meaningful things for other people. If you want to feel happier, do something nice for someone.

Title; 66. _

What happiness depends on?

Happiness depends on 67. ______

68._ to be happy ,-

 

To enjoy 69._____in life.

To be active.

70._.

Conclusion

Happiness is important for everyone and we make happiness by ourselves.

66. How to get happiness! 67. ourselves 68. How  69. the simple things 70. To help others

五、阅读填空

2011?盐城】四、任务型阅读

阅读下面短文,根据短文内容完成表格中所缺信息,每空一词。

We all need a healthy environment, but we produce waster every day and it does harm to our environment. Though we are young, we can still do something to help. In fact, even the simplest everyday activities can make a real difference to the environment. Here are some ideas for you to live a green life.

Remember these three words; reduce, reuse and recycle.

Reduce means “ use less”. Don't waste things. This saves money and reduces pollution and waste going into the environment. Before we buy something new, think if it is really necessary or maybe the old one will be just as good! When we do buy thing, choose local products if possible, and try not to buy too many things from abroad.

Reuse mean “ use again”. Use things for as long as possible. When we buy things, make sure that they last a long time. We should take care of them so that they will last, and we should repair them if we can instead of throwing them away and buying new ones. Don't use a paper cup or a paper bag. It's better to use a china cup and a lunch box because you can use them again.

Recycle means “ change things into something else”. Although it takes energy to change something into something else, it's better than throwing things away or burning them. Find out what can be recycled in your neighbourhood and take part in recycling programmes. We should also buy products made from recycled materials, such as recycled paper, to help save trees.

Title:    46    to Live a Green Life

We produce waste every day and it is   47     to us. We can do something to help.

Ideas

Does

Don'ts

To   48     

Use less

  * Try to save something

* Don't buy too many things from foreign   49     .

To reuse

Use   50     

  * Use things for us long as possible.

  * Buy things that last long.

  * Take care of things or    51    the old things.

* Don't use    52    cups or bags.

To recycle

Change things into something    53    

  * Join in recycling programmes.

  * Buy   54     made from recycled materials.

Don't    55    things away or burn them.

【主旨大意】文章主要讲了为保护环境,建议我们大家应该过“3R”生活:reduce, reuse and recycle (减量、再使用和再循环)。

答案:46. How  47. harmful  48. reduce  49. countries  50. again

51. repair  52. paper  53. else  54. products  55. Throw

2011?四川成都】B. 阅读下面短文,根据其内容,完成表格中所缺的信息。(共5小题,每小题1分;计5分)

What makes a successful speech? First, you should have a good speech script (稿子) so that your ideas and language can attract people's attention. And some skills are necessary, too.

Here are some suggestions on giving great speeches:

Beat nerves

Relax yourself before and when making a speech. Practice your opening sentence three or four times. This will help make a sure start and a successful speech. When you stand on the stage, think of the audience(观众) as your family members and friends.

Keep it natural

Natural body languages will help your speech: smile, stand straight and look at the audience. Do not drop your head or play with a pen. Also, dressing yourself nicely will help the audience feel respected.

Pace and pause (节奏和停顿)

Pace and pause add color to your speech. Speak fast enough to keep people excited and slowly enough for people to fully understand you. After an important point, pause for a moment. It'll change the atmosphere (气氛)in the audience.

Tips on giving speeches

Main tips

Things to do

Advantage

Speech script

Have good    6   .

People's attention is attracted.

Suggested  7 

A: Practice opening sentence three

or four times.

B: Think of the audience as your family members and friends.

A: This can give you a sure start.

B: This can help   8  .

A: Smile, stand straight and look at the audience.

B: Dress yourself formally.

A: These    9    will help your speech.

B: The audience will feel respected.

A: Speak fast enough sometimes and slowly enough other times.

B: Pause after an important point.

A: People are kept     10   and can    10    you.

B; The atmosphere in the audience will be changed.

【主旨大意】这是一篇说明文。文章就如何做成功的演讲提出了几点中肯的建议。

答案:6. ideas and language 7. skills 8. relax yourself/beat nerves  9. natural body languages 10. excited; fully understand

2011新疆阜康六、任务型阅读(共5小题,计10分)

阅读下面短文,用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空。(必要时应加助动词或情态动词)

A solar-powered (太阳能动力的) plane has passed an important test on the way to travel around the world. The plane took off from an airport in Switzerland at 45km an hour. It slowly rose above the fields and into the sky. During the 90-minute flight, the plane did several turns. It climbed nearly 1.6km above the countryside.

“There has never been an airplane of that kind that could fly — never an airplane so big, so light, using so little energy,” said Bertrand Piccard, a leader of the project.

Engineers plan to test a night flight soon. They plan to travel around the world in that plane in 2012. “We want to fly it day and night with no fuel (燃料),” Piccard said.

Piccard and pilot Andre Borschberg will take the plane around the world. They will make a few stops to change places and rest after a long time in the air — and to show off their aircraft.

The plane flies at 70 kilometers per hour on average. That is faster than a bike. The pilots will keep the plane in the air for up to five days at a time.

根据短文内容,完成表格

Plane uses sun's power to fly

where

The plane took off from an airport in ___1___.

how

The airplane is big, light and using little ___2___.

when

It will travel around the world in___3___.

how fast

It can fly at ___4___ kilometers per hour.

how long

The plane can fly for ___5___ days at a time.

1. Switzerland 细节理解题 由文中第一段第二句“The plane took off from an airport in Switzerland at 45km an hour.”可知正确答案。

2. energy 细节理解题  由文中第二段“— never an airplane so big, so light, using so little energy,”可知正确答案。

3. 2012 细节理解题  由文中第二段“They plan to travel around the world in that plane in 2012.”可知正确答案。

4. 70/seventy细节理解题  由文中第六段第一句话“The plane flies at 70 kilometers per hour on average.”可知正确答案。

5. 5/five 细节理解题  由文中第六段第三句话“The pilots will keep the plane in the air for up to five days at a time.”可知正确答案。

 

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