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武城县实验中学---知识改变命运

淡泊明志,宁静致远。

 
 
 

日志

 
 

【引用】2011年全国各地中考英语试题分类汇编--任务型阅读  

2011-10-30 09:15:47|  分类: 中考英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

任务型阅读(完成表格)

2011广西北海】八、任务型阅读  (本大题共5小题,每小题1分,共5分)< xmlnamespace prefix ="o" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

Some birthday customs are quite similar in many parts of the world---- birthday candles(蜡烛), birthday gamesand birthday cakes. But some customs are more specific to certain countries. Here are some children talking about their customs.

    Linda---I am fourteen. I come from < xmlnamespace prefix ="st1" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" />Aruba. In our country, Children take something special to school for their classmates and all teachers. Each teacher gives the birthday child a small gift like a pencil, an eraser or a postcard. The birthday child is also allowed to wear special clothes instead of the school uniform.

    Lucy---I am one year older than Linda. Denmark is my country. A flag is flown outside a window to show that someone who lives in that house is having a birthday. Presents are placed around the child's bed while they are sleeping so they will see them at once when they wake up.

Tom---I am as old as Linda. I am from Brazil. The birthday child receives a pull on the earlobe(耳垂) for each year in my country. The birthday person also gives the first slice of cake to his/her most special friend or relative, usually mom or dad.

根据短文,完成下面表格,每空不超过4个单词,并将其答案写在答题卡中相应题号的横线上。

 

Names

Countries

Ages

        Special customs

Linda

Aruba

Fourteen

Each teacher receives something special from (96)._________ and gives him or her a small gift.

Lucy

Denmark

(97)________

If you see (98)________ flying outside a window, you may know someone in that house is having a birthday

Tom

(99)______

Fourteen

(100)_________ of the birthday cake is usually given to Mom or Dad.

答案:96. his/her students  97. 15/Fifteen   98. a flag     99. Brazil  100. The first slice

2011连云港】七、任务型阅读(共6小题;每小题1分,满分6分)

    请认真阅读下面短文,在短文后表格中的空白处填上适当的单词(注意:每空1个单词)。

    If you think you are too shy and want to be a little bit braver, just try the following things:

    Be open to others. Tell people you are shy. There is no need to hide it. When they get to know you are a shy kid, they will understand you better. This also helps you feel more comfortable in talks.

    Try to smile more. When you smile, people think you are friendly and easy to talk with. Remember that other people have feelings, too; and most people will stay away from an angry-looking face.

    Learn to be a good talker. If you find it hard to start a conversation, say something nice about people around you. Think about how great you feel when someone says something nice to you. Doesn’t it make you want to keep talking to that person?

    Get your attention elsewhere. Think more about ways to enjoy parties or games. Don’t waste time worrying about your look or whether people like you or not. You will become relaxed and find it’s not so hard to talk with others.

    Take one small step at a time. Each time when you say “Hi!” or smile at someone, say to yourself “You can make it.” Keep trying and one day you’ll never feel shy when you talk to others.

Title: Advice on   72   to be a little braver

 

Advice

Reasons

Don’t 73 the fact.

If you tell people you are shy, they will understand you better.

Smile more.

People don’t 74 the one with an

angry-looking face.

Start a conversation with 75 words.

People will feel great and want to talk to you.

Pay more attention to ways to enjoy 76 or games.

You will become relaxed.

 

Encourage yourself to say “Hi!” or smile at someone.

Keep doing this and you’ll be braver to talk to others 77 the future.

【主旨大意】本文介绍了害羞的人如何变得更勇敢一点的方法。

72. how     73.hide    74.like/love    75.nice/good    76.parties    77.in

2011清远A 信息归纳(5小题,每小题1分,共5)

Last Tuesday, a little girl died after eating some fried chicken. Her father bought the chicken for her from a street seller in Fenzhuang Village, Fengtai,Beijing. After testing the girl, the doctor said she was poisoned (中毒) by nitrites (亚硝酸盐). Some experts suggest that we should buy foods with QS signs. They are safer.

After hearing about the accident, many people feel more worried about the food safety because there have been many food safety problems in our country these years. For example, poisonous(有毒的) rice, oil, milk and so on have been found out recently. People feel quite afraid because these poisonous foods are rather bad for their health and even kill them. They want the government to do something to stop such poisonous foods and drinks appearing again so that they can have safe and healthy foods and drinks.

Information Card

 

81. The little girl died after she ate __________.

82. Some experts suggest that we should buy foods with __________.

83 Many people feel _______ about the food safety after hearing about the accident.

84. The poisonous foods are _________ for people's health and even kill them.

85. The people want __________ stop such poisonous foods and drinks appearing again.

 

【主旨大意】本文讲述了一个小女孩死于吃了含亚硝酸盐的炸鸡,引起社会关注食品安全。

81.some fried chicken 82. QS signs 83.more worried 84.rather bad 85.the government to do something to

2011内蒙古包头】A.阅读下面短文,根据短文内容,补全表格中所缺的信息。

Many kinds of birds live in the United States, but the number of the birds is becoming smaller every year. One of the leading reasons is the growing number of pet cats. By keeping your pet cats in your home, you can help give birds a better possible chance to live.

Of the 90 million pet cats in this country, about two—thirds are allowed to go outside. It is said that these cats kill hundreds of millions of birds each year, as well as billions of small animals such as rabbits and field mice.

They can also bring illness to the animals that live in people's yard(院子), further weakening the health of the natural populations.

Allowing pet cats to go outside is not just bad for birds and wildlife, it's also bad for the cats themselves. Outdoor cats can get sick very easily. They are in danger from traffic and attacks (攻击) from other animals. In fact, outdoor cats usually don't live past the age of five, while indoor cats often live to be 17 or older.

Keep your pet cat inside! If you raise a young cat, it's your duty to let it play inside.

Problem

The number of birds is becoming 91._______; at the same

time, many pet cats are in 92.______ from traffic and attacks

from other animals.

Reason for the

problem

Pet cats are 93._______to go outside freely

What to do

People who 94._______a young cat have the 95. ______ to let it play inside.

91. smaller  92. danger  93. allowed   94. raise   95. duty

2011四川资阳)第六部分 任务型阅读(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

阅读下面短文,根据短文内容,补全表格中所缺的信息。每空最多填写三个单词。

  The idea of Mother’s Day is a very old idea. It was started by the ancient Egyptians (埃及人),who celebrated(庆祝) a day to honour (向……表示敬意) Isis, the mother of the pharaohs. The early Christians(基督教徒) celebrated a day to honour Mary, the mother of Jesus.

  Later, English Christians celebrated to honour all mothers. This English holiday was called Mothering Sunday.When the English came to America, they did not have time for Mothering Sunday, so the holiday was not celebrated in America. In 1914,the U.S passed a law which designated(规定) the second Sunday in May as Mother’s Day to honour the mothers who had lost sons in war.

  Today, Mother’s Day is celebrated in many other countries for all mothers. In Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Mother’s Day is celebrated on the same day as in the United Statesthe second Sunday in May. Children give their mothers cards, gifts, and flowers. Schools plan Mother’s Day’s special activities.

  In China, the holiday is celebrated to show the respect(尊重) the Chinese have for the old people, and the love they have for their parents. Ten top mothers are chosen by the government. People all over the country try different ways to help mothers who are poor.

                        (81)_______________________

 

People/County

Who to Honour

Activities

in ancient

times

Egyptians

Isis

 

early Christians

Mary

 

later

the English

all mothers

 

the U.S

mothers who had lost sons in war

(82)_______________

now

Canada,

Australia, etc

all mothers

give mothers cards, gifts, and

flowers;(83)____________

China

(84)_____________;

parents

choose ten top mothers;

(85)_______________

【主旨大意】本文介绍了母亲节的由来,发展以及今天母亲节在中国和其他国家的庆祝情况。

81.The Mother’s Day

82. passed a law

83. school’s special activities                        

84. the old people

85. help poor mother

2011天津】阅读下面短文,根据短文内容完成表格。

An American named Crum invented potato chips in 1853, although that was not his intention(意图). He was a chef at a beautiful restaurant in Saratoga Springs, New York. A regular dish on the menu was fried(油炸的) potatoes, which was an idea that had started in France. At that time, French fried potatoes were cut into thick slices().

One day, a dinner guest at the restaurant sent back his fried potatoes to the chef because he did not like them so thick. So Mr Crum cut the potatoes a little thinner and fried them. The guest did not like those either. That made Mr Crum angry, so he thought he would just show the man. He sliced the potatoes paper-thin and fried them, thinking that the man would say nothing about it. However, to his surprise, the man loved the thin potatoes very much. Other guests tried them and also liked them. So, Mr Crum’s potato chips were added to the menu. They called Saratoga Chips.

Finally, Mr Crum opened his own restaurant to sell his famous chips. Now potato chips are packaged (包装)and sold in stores.

                 Who invented      76     ?

      77     was an American chef at a restaurant.

  A dinner guest     78    his fried potatoes to the chef because they were so thick.

 The chef was probably glad in the end because      79    .

 Now potato chips are packaged and also sold     80    .

文章大意:本文是一片记叙文,讲述了炸土豆条的发明过程。它由一名厨师偶然发明的,很快受到欢迎。

76. potato chips  整体理解题  通读全文可知,本文就是讲的炸土豆条的发明经过。

77. Crum   细节理解题  文章开头就告诉我们一个叫Crum的美国人发明了炸土豆条,他是一名厨师。

78. sent back 细节理解题 从文章的第二段的第一句 One day, a dinner guest at the restaurant sent back his fried potatoes to the chef because he did not like them so thick.”可知答案。

79. He opened his own restaurant to sell chips.  推理判断题 从文中最后一段的 Finally, Mr Crum opened his own restaurant to sell his famous chips.”推断厨师可能很高兴。

80. in stores  细节理解题  从文章最后一句 Now potato chips are packaged (包装)and sold in stores.”可得出答案。

2011湖南湘潭 完成表格型】第五节 阅读短文,然后在下面的表格中完成内容提要,每空不超过3个单词。(共4个小题,每小题2分)

New Energy in the Twenty-first Century

Energy from the wind

Wind is a kind of clean energy, and there is lots of it, But, if there's no wind, there is no wind energy.

Energy from the water

When water moves from a high place to a lower place, it can make electricity(电)without pollution. However, people have to build dams(水坝) to use this energy, and building dams is very expensive.

Energy from the earth

    There is heat in the rocks under the earth. Scientists use the heat to make geothermal(地热的)energy. This kind of energy is cheap, but it is only possible in a few places in the world.

Energy from the sun

    Solar panels (太阳电池板) on the roofs of houses can turn energy from the sun into electricity. Solar power is clean and plentiful(丰富的).but when the weather is bad, It doesn't work.

New Energy in Twenty-first Century

 

Advantages

Disadvantages

Wind Energy

Clean .There is a lot.

It needs (57)      

Water Energy

(58)              

It is expensive.

Geothermal Energy

(59)             

only possible in a few places

Solar Energy

Clean and plentiful.

It depends too much on (60)  

57 wind  58. No pollution    59 Cheap   60. (fine) weather

 

 

 

2011本溪Most of you have at least one email account(账户).It is important to keep it safe. If someone broke into it, they could get your personal information, and also send useless messages through your email account.

    Then how to keep an email account safe? Here are some important tips(提示).

·Change your password(密码) from time to time.

·Check for strange recent activity on your account.

·Check your mail settings(设置) to make sure your mail stays and goes where you want it to.

·Be careful with messages that ask for your username or password.

·Don’t share your password with other websites.

·Keep secrets! Never tell anyone your password. If you do tell someone, change it as soon as possible.

The passage mainly tells us   81  .

If someone broke into your email account, you might lose   82  .

 

Dealing with your password correctly

You should change it   83  .

You shouldn’t share it   84  .

You can’t   85  .

书面表达

81. how to keep an email account safe. 82. your personal information.  83. from time to time 84. with other websites.

2011郴州】D) 摘录信息,阅读短文, 然后完成内容摘要。(共5小题,计10分)

< xmlnamespace prefix ="v" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:vml" />

Sanya is in Hainan Province in southern China. It's still warm in winter. It's about 15 in the afternoon. Sanya has lovely beaches. The price of a hotel room is about 320 yuan a night.

 

 

 

 

 

 


Harbin is in northern China. It's very cold in

winter, sometimes -30. Tourists need to wear warm clothes. There is an Ice and Snow Festival in winter. A hotel room is about 230 yuan a night.

Beijing is not very cold in winter. It's about -10°C.

It doesn't often rain or snow. Hotels usually cut

their prices in winter. About 200 yuan a night is

enough.

 

City

Weather

61. of a hotel room

Sanya

It's still 62. in winter.

About 320 yuan a night

63  .

It' s very cold in winter.

About 64   yuan a night

Beijing

It' s not very cold in winter. It doesn't often 65 .

About 200 yuan a night

 

【主旨大意】本文介绍了三处旅行的好地方三亚、哈尔滨和北京。文章从它们的地理位置、气候、景观和住宿等方面作了详细说明。

61. Price / The price 归纳概括题。从该表格下方的内容可知答案为Price

62. warm 细节理解题 由第一个表格中“It’s still warm in winter.”可知。

63. Harbin 推理判断题 由表格后面的内容可知答案为Harbin

64. 230 细节理解题 由文中“A Hotel room is about 230 yuan a night”可知。

65. rain or snow 细节理解题 由文中“It doesn’t often rain or snow”可知。

       2011河源】请阅读下面有关希望工程帮助失学儿童的报道,根据所提供的信息,完成信息卡。

       Almost every child in cities has the chance to go to school,but not all children in the countryside are so luckly.

       There is a girl called Xiao Juan.She is ten years old and lives in a small village.When she was seven,she wanted to go to school.But she could not,because her family was too poor to afford the school fees(学费) for her,so her parents had to keep her at home.Instead of studying,Xiao Juan

looked after her brother and worked in the fields every day.Then Hope Project heard about Xiao Juan.It agreed to help Xiao Juan to go to school.Her wish of study came true,and now she is studying in a school.

       Unluckily,there are many thousands of children who can not go to school.You can join in Hope Project and help these chilren.You know all the good work needs money.Hope Project needs yor help.

       If you give Hope Project 300 each year,it can pay for one child to go school for a whole year.With more money,Hope Project can build new schools,buy good desks,chairs,blackboards and books.Let’s help the children together and give them a chance to have a good start in life.

Information Card

The girl’s name

(81)____________.

Her age

(82)____________.

The place where she lives

In a (83)____________.

The reason she couldn’t go to school

Her parents couldn't afford (84)___________.

Who helped the girl to go to school?

(85)____________.

  81. Xiao Juan   82. ten years old   83. small village   84. the school fees   85. Hope Project

 

2011贵州贵阳】A. 阅读短文,捕捉信息,根据短文内容完成表格,并将答案填写在答题卡指定的位置。

A new study suggests that the more teenagers watch television, the more likely they are to develop depression (抑郁症) as young adults.

The researchers used a national long-term survey of healthy young teenagers of about 13—16 to find out the relationship between media(媒体) use and depression. They based their findings on more than 4000 young teenagers who were not depressed when the survey began in 1995.

As part of the survey, the young people were asked how many hours of television or videos they watched daily. They were also asked how often they played computer games and listened to the radio. Here was the result. The young people spent five and a half hours a day using media and more than 2 hours of that was spent watching TV.

Seven years later, in 2001, more than 7% of the young people had signs of depression. The average age at that time was 21. Brian Primack at the University of Pittsburgh medical school was the lead author of the new study. He says every extra hour of television meant an 8% increase in the chances of developing signs of depression.

The researchers say they did not find any such relationship with the use of other media such as movies, video games or radio. But the study did find that young men were more likely than young women to develop depression given the same amount of media use.

Doctor Primack says the study did not find out if watching TV causes depression directly. But one possibility, he says, is that it may take time away from activities that could help prevent depression, like sports and social activities. It might also prevent a person from sleeping well, he says, and that could have an influence.

The study was just published in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

In December, the journal Social Indicators Research published a study of activities that help lead to happy lives. Researchers from the University of Maryland found that people who describe themselves as happy spend less time watching television than unhappy people. The study found that happy people are more likely to be socially active, to read, attend social services and to vote.

Process of the study

Details

The purpose of the research

To find out   96   between media use and depression

At the beginning of the research

   97  was made among over 4000 young people who were not depressed.

The result of the survey

These young people spent five and a half hours a day in using media and they spent over 2 hours or that   98 

Seven years later

Researchers found 7% of the young people had a sign of depression. Every extra hour of watching TV meant an 8% increase in the chances of developing signs of depression.

Results of the study

1. Watching TV might have    99    and it may take time away from activities and sports.

2. Young men get more chance than young women to develop depression.

3. The reason some people get depression is that   100  

A.        relationship  97 A survey  98.watching TV  99. help prevent depression 100 they spend more time watching television

 

2011邵阳E)阅读短文,根据短文内容,在表中填入相应信息。(每空不超过三个单词。共5小题,每小题2)

A big earthquake happened in Japan in March, and it caused tsunami(海啸). Thousands of people died and millions of Japanese lost their homes.

Do you know there is an earthquake every thirty seconds in the world? But don I worry because most of them arc so small that they cannot be felt. Only a few hurt people. Many earthquakes happen in China, too. Arc you ready for the next earthquake? We have some advice for you on how to keep safe in an earthquake.

When the earthquake happens, protect yourself first. The life is the most important because where there is a life, there is hope. Don't go back to get your money or other things.

If you are at home, hide under a desk. Stay away from windows because anything may fall on you.

If you are outdoors, try to move away from buildings and streetlights. They may fall on you. If you are in a shop and far from the door, don't run outside.   Everyone will run outside so that people may hurt each other. Hide under a desk. Don't get into a lift during an earthquake.

If you are in a moving car, drive to the side of the road, stop as quickly as possible, and stay in the car. Do not try to drive across bridges. Its dangerous.

When an earthquake has ended, be careful because aftershocks(余震) may still happen. They are just as dangerous as the earthquakes, so stay under the desk until you think it is really safe for getting out.

Make sure you wear shoes after an earthquake. There may be broken glass on the ground.

Remember, these tips are very important. We should always hope for the best but prepare for the worst.

 

【主旨大意】 本文介绍了日本发生的地震海啸和核泄漏。以及应对地震财害的一些应急措施。

61. earthquake 62. has ended 63. away from 64. in the car 65. safe

2011浙江丽水】六、任务型阅读(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)

假设你和父母去纽约度假,阅读ABC三则房屋出租广告,完成阅读任务。

A. 根据上述广告内容,填写信息表。

Ads

A

B

C

Price/ week

$ 650

$ 800

76. $__________

Location (位置)

In the country

77. __________

Near transportation

Bedrooms

78. __________

One

Two

B. ABC三则广告中选出最适合你们的房子,并写出一条理由。

We will choose 79__________ because 80__________

76. 400    77. near the city centre    78. Four    79. C   80. It is easy for my parents to go to work.

五、阅读填空(2011·南京)

A

注意:每个空格只填一个单词。

What is a hurricane?

< xmlnamespace prefix ="w" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:word" />You may already know that hurricanes are storms that can cause devastating(毁灭性的) waves, wind, and rain. They happen during “Hurricane Season,” which is from June 1st until November 30th in the Atlantic Ocean and from May 15th until November 30th in the Pacific Ocean.

Categories(类别)of Hurricanes

There are five categories of hurricanes, which are based on wind speeds. The categories help people know how much damage(危害) a hurricane may cause because the greater the wind speed, the more dangerous the storm. For example, a Category 5 hurricane has winds over 155 miles per hour, which are strong enough to destroy the buildings along the shorelines completely.

Hurricane Dangers

When a hurricane happens together with heavy rainfall, there can be a devastating flood. The centre of a hurricane is called the eye. While most of a hurricane has dangerously strong winds, the eye is actually(事实上) a calm area in the storm. When the eye of a hurricane passes over land, people might think that it’s over, but before long the wind and rain increase again as the second part of the hurricane moves through.

Hurricane Safety Tips

There is no way to stop a hurricane or make it change direction, so if you ever find yourself in the path of a hurricane, be sure to remember the following safety tips.

·Be sure you have a radio, batteries, fresh dinking water, and enough food.

·Tell neighbours, friends, and family members your emergency plans. Tell them where you’ll go if you need to leave your home.

·If you live near the ocean, leave your home and travel to a safe place. You could stay with a friend or a family member, in a hotel/motel, or in an emergency shelter area.

·Stay inside during the storm. You could be seriously injured(受伤) if you go outside.

 

Hurricanes

Characteristics

Hurricane Season usually 1 about 6 months in the Atlantic Ocean and 6.5 months in the Pacific Ocean.

Devastating waves, wind, and rain are usually the 2 of hurricanes.

Categories

Hurricanes have been 3 into five categories by scientists, based on wind speeds.

A Category 5 hurricane can destroy all the 4 along the shorelines.

   5

When a hurricane comes together with heavy rainfall, a terrible 6 may happen.

The eye is the 7 of a hurricane. Soon after it passes, the wind and rain increase again.

Safety Tips

It’s 8 to stop a hurricane or change its direction.

Don’t 9 the safety tips if you find yourself in the path of a hurricane.

Stay inside during the storm, 10 you could be seriously injured.

1. lasts    2. results       3. divided      4. buildings    5. Dangers

6. flood   7. centre/center  8. impossible   9. forget       10. or/otherwise

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