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元音字母的读音规则  

2012-01-02 15:41:04|  分类: 音标教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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元音字母的读音规则

一,元音字母在重读音节中的读音

a

在开音节中[ei] name plane Jane baby cake

在闭音节中 [?] bag dad hat map black back

e

在开音节中 [i:] he these me Chinese

在闭音节中 [e] bed let pen desk yes egg

i

在开音节中 [ai] bike fly drive time nice kite

在闭音节中 [i] fish big drink sit milk swim

o

在开音节中 [eu] those close go hoe home no

在闭音节中 [?] clock not box shop sock

u

在开音节中 [ju:] student excuse duty Tuesday

在闭音节中 [?] bus cup jump much lunch

在开音节中,元音字母u在辅音字母j l r s后面时读[u:]音,例如:June blue ruler super

 

二,元音字母在非重读音节中的读音

a [e] China another woman breakfast

[i] orange comrade village cabbage

e [e] hundred student open weekend

[i] chicken pocket begin children

I [e]/[i] holiday beautiful family animal

[ai] exercise satellite

o [e] second tonight somebody welcome

[eu] also zero photo

u [e] autumn diffcult

[ju:] popular congratulation January

动词中的a如果处在开音节位置,a读[ei]音,例如:operate

u处在开音节位置,又在辅音字母j l r s后面时,读[u(:)]音,例如:July influence February issue

 

三,元音字母在重读音节中的特殊读音

a在[w]音后面 [?] want what watch wash quality

a在f n sk ph sp ss st th前 [a:] after plant graph ask grasp glass fast father

i在-nd -ld和gh前 [ai] find child light high

o在-st -ld前 [eu] most postcard old cold

o在m n v th前 [?] come monkey love mother

 

四,-r音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音

ar [a:] car farm dark sharpener

在[w]音后面 [?:] warm quarter towards

or [?:] forty morning short

在[w]音后面 [?:] word worker worse

er ir ur [?:]certainly bird Thursday

辅音字母r双写时,前面的元音字母不能与r构成-r音节,而是按重读闭音节的拼读规则发音.例如: carry sorry hurry

? r音节在非重读音节中通常读[?]音,例如:dollar teacher martyr forget Saturday

 

五,-re音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音

are [e?] care dare hare

ere [??] here mere

ire [ai?] fire hire wire

ore [?:] more score before

ure [ju:?] pure cure

are ere ire ore很少出现在非重读音节中,ure在非重读音节中读[?]音,例如:picture pleasure

重读元音字母加Rr,再加非重读元字组时,重读元音字母应按-re音节拼读规则拼读,字母Rr读[r]音.

例如:parent zero story during inspiring

某些常用词及多音节词经常出现长音短化现象.

例如:orange very American paragraph

 

六,元音字组在重读音节中的读音

ai/ay [ei] afraid rain wait day play

air [ai?] air hair chair pair repair

al [?] small ball talk wall all

在f ,m前[?:l] always also salt almost bald

[a:] half calm

au/aw [?:] autumn daughter draw

ea [i:] teach easy cheap please

[e] heavy bread sweater weather

[ei] break great

ear [i?] hear dear near clear year

[ε?] bear pear wear

[?:] earth learn early

ee [i:] jeep week green three

eer [i?] pioneer deer beer

ei/ey [ei] eight neighbour they

[i:] either key

eu/ew [ju:] new few newspaper

在 j l r s后[u:] flew brew

ie/ei[s]音之后 [i:] piece field receive

oa [?u] coat Joan boat goal

oar/oor [?:] roar board door floor

oi/oy [?i] noise point boy toilet

oo [u:] broom food tooth school

[u] book look cook foot good

ou/ow [au] flower house count down

[?u] know row throw though

[?] young country enough

[u:] group you soup

our [?:] course your four

 

[au?] our hour ours

[?:] journey

ui [ju:i] fluid suicide tuition

在j l r s后[u:] juice fruit suit

 

七,非重读音节中元音字组和字群的读音

ai/ay ei/ey [i] Sunday foreign monkey

ow [?u] yellow sparrow tomorrow

元音字组在非重读音节中读[?]音或[i].

例如:neighbour serious famous biscuit coffee

? sion -tion [?n] impression nation

? sion在元音字母后 [?n] vision decision occasion

? tion在s后 [t??n] question suggestion

? sten [sn] listen

? stle [sl] whistle

? sure [??] pleasure measure

? ture [t??] picture culture

 

八,元字组在复合词非重读音节中的读音

复合词中的第二部分不标注重音符号,但其中的元音字母或元音字组仍按重读音节拼读规则拼读. 例如: everyday[ei] handbag[?] blackboard[?:]

有些词随着语言的发展,前后两部分已失去其单独存在的意义,融合成为一个词.其中的非重读部分要按非重读音节的读音规则发音. 例如:

sun太阳 + day[ei]日子 > Sunday[i] 星期天

holy神圣 + day[ei]日子 > holiday[i] 假日

break中断 + fast[a:]斋戒 > breakfast[?] 早餐

cup茶杯 + board木板[?:] > cupboard[?] 碗柜

 

九,辅音组的读音

b [b] bike bus bag

[/] bomb tomb 注:不发音

c [k] cake picture coat musi

c在e前或在i/y前c [s] face decide cinema

ch [t?] much chick rich teacher

[k] school headache chemistry

[?] machine

ck [k] cock pocket black knock

d [d] doctor bread hand day

dge [d?] bridge fridge

dr- [dr] children driver drink

f [f] five four breakfast

g [g] bag gardon go

g在e i/y前[d?] orange large German

gh [f] cough enough

[/] light daughter high

gu- -gue

gu [g] guess league dialogue

在非重读音节中[gw] language anguish

h [h] hot head house hand

[/] hour honest

j [d?] jeep jar joke join July

k [k] kind bike skate make week

kn- [n] knife know knock

l [l] life milk school tall

m [m] monkey come autumn

mn [m] autumn column

n [n] not shine ten note

在[k] [g]音前[?] uncle thank hungry

ng [?] morning young wrong

p [p] paper plane pig ship pen

ph [f] elephant photo telephone

q [k] Iraq

qu- [kw] quality quite

r [r] red rubber ruler

s在词首或清辅音前[s] sit sleep desk

元音字母间或浊辅音前 [z] music husband

sc- [sk] scarlet

[s] muscle science

sh [?] she fish shirt wash

t在通常情况下[t] ten letter meet

在弱读字母ia ie io前[?] patient nation

tch [t?] watch

th在通常情况下[θ] thin thirty method

在冠词 代词 介词 连词中[?] the these with than

在词尾-the -ther中[?] clothe father weather

tr- [tr] tree train country truck

v [v] very voice love leave

w [w] week win wake sweet wait

[/] answer two

wh- [w] what when white why

wh-在字母o前 [h] who whose whole

x [ks] box text exercise

在重读元音前 [gz] examle exist exact

wr- [r] write

y- [j] yes yard yellow young

z [z] puzzle zero zoo

重读音节 单词中读音特别响亮的音节.用音标标记双音节,多音节词的读音时,应使用重读符号.单音节词多数是重读音节,标记读音时不需要使用重读符号.

开音节 ①绝对开音节:单个元音字母后面没有辅字组的重读音节.例如:no blue ba-by stu-dent se-cret.

②相对开音节:单个元音字母后面加单个辅音字母,再加一个不发音字母e构成的重读音节.例如:name these bike home ex-cuse.

闭音节 单个元音字母后面有辅字组(r w y除外)且以辅字组结尾的重读音节.例如:bag egg fish not cup

多音节词重读规则 多音节词通常在倒数第三个音节重读.

例如: el-e-phant con-grat-u- la-tion

词尾有-ic或-tion,-sion的词,在-ic或-sion,-tion前的一个音节上重读.例如:scien tific im pression nation

 

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